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|What is an Annotated Bibliography? |||APA Annotated Bibliography |||Literature Review |||How to Cite |||Manage Your Citations |||Avoid Plagiarism|
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You need to cite sources in your papers to avoid plagiarism and allow readers to track down the source content. But how should you format the citations and bibliography?
There are several citation styles to choose from, and some are for specific subjects or publications. Check with your instructor or publisher for the preferred style.
Use the guides below to see citation rules and examples. Or collect your references in one of our citation management tools that formats citations for you.
|American Psychological Association guide (used in the social sciences)||OWL APA guide (Purdue University)||APA quick citation guide (Penn State University)|
|Chicago guide (used in history and some social sciences)||OWL Chicago guide (Purdue University)||Chicago Manual of Style, 16th ed. (requires NetID/password)||Chicago Manual of Style Online, 17th ed. (requires NetID/password)|
|Modern Language Association guide (used in the humanities)||OWL MLA guide (Purdue University)|
In college courses, you're continually engaged with other people's ideas. You might read them in texts, hear them in lectures, discuss them in class, and incorporate them into your own writing. It's important that you give credit where credit is due.
What is plagiarism?
Plagiarism is using other people's ideas and words without clearly acknowledging the source of that information. It can be intentional, but you might do it without even realizing it.
There can be serious consequences for plagiarizing, from getting a zero on a paper to a full-blown lawsuit. But, don't worry! We'll help you learn what needs to be cited and how to avoid plagiarism.
To avoid plagiarism, you must give credit whenever you:
Quoting is copying the exact words from a source. This is fine as long as you place quotations around the passage you're quoting and properly cite the source.
Be sure to:
Paraphrasing is restating a passage from a source in your own words. Being able to recognize the differences between acceptable and unacceptable paraphrasing will help you avoid unintentional plagiarism.
Be sure to:
Whether you're paraphrasing, summarizing, or quoting, you need to cite your sources whenever you use any research, words, or ideas that aren't your own. The only things you don't need to cite are information that's considered common knowledge and your own original research, words, or ideas.
Also, make a bibliography at the end of your paper that lists all the sources you used.
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University of Arizona Libraries Avoiding Plagiarism
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