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The University of Arizona

Scholarly Project Resources

This guide will provide information for medical students who are working on their scholarly project.

The purpose of citing

Why Cite?

There are four main reasons:

  1. To acknowledge the author(s) of the work that you used to write your paper.
  2. To provide context to your research and demonstrate that your paper is well-researched.
  3. To allow readers to find the original source and learn more about some aspect that you mentioned only briefly in the document.
  4. To enable further research by letting others discover what has already been explored and written about on a given topic.

What and When to Cite?

You should always cite other people's words, ideas and other intellectual property that you use in your papers or that influence your ideas. This includes but isn't limited to books, journal articles, web pages, reports, data, statistics, speeches, lectures, personal interviews, etc. You should cite whenever you:

  • use a direct quote
  • paraphrase
  • summarize
  • use facts or statistics that are relatively less known or relate directly to your argument.

Citation Management


Get started with Zotero

A free tool to collect, manage, cite, and share sources. 

You can:

  • Download Zotero as a Firefox extension or standalone application
  • Use plug-ins for other web browsers, Word, and LibreOffice
  • Sync your Zotero library to view from any computer
  • Use portable Firefox with Zotero on a flash drive to use on any computer

Learn more with the Zotero Quick Start Guide.


Mendeley is a reference manager, academic collaboration network and crowd sourced database with a unique layer of social information research. Mendeley Desktop is available on Mac, Windows and Linux. Mendeley Web functions on all major browsers. Mobile versions of Mendeley are available for IPadIPhone and Android devices. 

UA Institutional account 

  • 100GB of personal and shared storage
  • Unlimited groups with up to 100 collaborators

Access UA subscription:

  1. Create a new Mendeley account wih your UA email address 
  2.  If you already have an account and did not use your UA email to set up your Mendeley account, go into settings and change your email to use your UA email address.