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The University of Arizona

Racism in Medicine and Healthcare

A Guide for COM-P students and faculty

What are Healthcare Disparities

What Are Healthcare Disparities?

Healthcare disparities are a type of health difference closely associated with social, economic, and/or environmental disadvantage. Marginalized people and communities are greatly affected by such disadvantages. As a result, this leads to worse healthcare outcomes for certain groups, based on race/ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, disability status, geographic location, and more.

Some factors that can impact someone's health outcomes include:

  • Socioeconomic status
  • Literacy levels
  • Access to nutritious food
  • Access to safe housing
  • Access to health insurance


This information has been adapted from Healthy People 2020

Articles on Racism in Medicine

Killing the Black Body Cover
Black Doctor in white coat holding stethoscope
Just Medicine by Dayna Bowen Matthew
On Race and Medicine by Richard Garcia
Unequal Treatment by Brian Smedley
Black male doctor examining a  Black girl with stethoscope
DNA strands on Black and White cover
How to be an Antiracist Cover
Black mother holding baby over shoulder
Black pregnant mother and young child touching pregnant stomache