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The information presented in this guide is intended for informational purposes and should not be construed as legal advice or guidance. If you have specific legal questions pertaining to the University of Arizona, please contact the Office of the General Counsel.
Exceptions & Limitations to Copyright
U.S. Copyright law serves both private and public interests. The private interest is the author’s right to reap the benefits of his or her creative endeavors. The public interest is the dissemination and use of works by the public. The private interest is served by the granting of a bundle of entitlements to copyright owners.The public interest is served through the exceptions and limitations to those entitlements as described in Sections 107 to 122 of the law (Title 17 of the United States Code).
How accessible copies can be made for patrons with disabilities
Fair use is the U.S. legal doctrine that permits brief excerpts of copyrighted material, under certain circumstances, to be quoted verbatim for purposes such as criticism, news reporting, teaching, and research, without the need for permission from or payment to the copyright holder. Each application of Fair Use must be examined on a case-by-case basis.
Creative works that are no longer protected by copyright are said to be in the public domain. Once a work enters the public domain, users are free to copy, modify, translate, distribute, publicly perform, or publicly display the work without seeking permission.