"The Congress shall have the Power ... [t]o provide for the organizing, arming, and disciplining the Militia, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the United States."
10 U.S.C. §§ 801-946. Also reprinted in Appendix A2 of the Manual for Courts-Martial.
Now printed annually by the GPO. Contains Rules for Courts-Martial, Military Rules of Evidence, punitive articles, forms, guides (scripts) for general and special courts-martial, etc. Location: Law Government Docs D 1.15:[year]. The 2016 edition is available in PDF format from the Army Publishing Directorate. (This is a very large file (936 pages) and may take a long time to load.)
Military defendants have an automatic right to appeal in most cases. The first level of appeal consists of the Courts of Criminal Appeal for each of the different branches of the service (the Navy and Marines have a joint court). Judges on these courts are active duty or reserve judge advocates. These courts were originally called Boards of Review and then Courts of Military Review. The highest level of appeal is the United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces, formerly known as the Court of Military Appeals. The Court is made up of civilian judges. Military defendants can appeal to the United States Supreme Court.
Many regulations establish additional procedures or contain provisions which can be enforced through prosecution. Regulations are available online:
The following are several useful books concerning military justice. Note that since these are published by LexisNexis, most, if not all, are available on Lexis online: