The United States Code (U.S.C.) contains the current federal statutes and is what you use for your federal statutory research.
Just like on the state level, newly enacted federal laws (called public laws) are codified by topic into a code. Remember that codification is the process of taking legislative acts which create/amend statutes and arranging the statutes by topic into a statutory code. The purpose of codification is to put all the current statutes on the same topic together so it is easier to find the laws in effect about a specific topic.
The official version is the print version published by the Government Publishing Office (GPO). It is not annotated and the volumes are always several years out of date (the GPO is very slow to publish them) so it is not very good for research puposes. There is also an unofficial GPO version online.
Annotated Versions - One Stop Research Shopping!
Luckily, commercial publishers moved in to fulfill the need for and up-to-date and annotated version of the United States Code!
There are multiple unannotated out of date versions of the United States Code available for free online which you can find by Googling.
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The United States Code is organized just like the Arizona Revised Statutes and all other state codes. The sections look just like A.R.S. sections.
Example - 8 U.S.C. 1372
Citation Format Example
8 U.S.C. 1372 is a United States Code citation. 8 is the title number and 1372 is the section number.
Organization of United States Code
The United States Code has 54 titles (really only 53 because one title is reserved) which are divided into chapters and subchapters.
An annotated code has statutory annotations that help you with your research.
Statutory annotations are one stop research shopping! Once you find a relevant statute, you find three things to help with your research.
An unannotated code just has the text of the statute and is therefore not particularly useful for research purposes (except to read the statute).
Westlaw Annotated Code Example - 8 U.S.C. 1372
GPO Annotated Code Example - 8 U.S.C. 1372
There is NOTHING new to learn about searching for federal statutes (United States Code (USC) sections). You search for federal statutes the exact same way you search for Arizona statutes!
General Finding Methods
Westlaw Database Example - United States Code Annotated (USCA)
Lexis Database Example - United States Code Service