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COVID-19 & Law Coalition Information Hub

Arizona COVID-19 & Law Coalition is a clearinghouse on law expertise related to the virus.

UArizona Resources

UArizona Camps-Wide Resources

  • "Arizona Football Players Speak Out About UA’s Re-Entry Plan," Ryan Kelapire, SB Nation, June 30, 2020: In this article Kelapire reports that "Arizona Wildcats announced Monday that they have paused their student-athlete re-entry plan due to the surging number of COVID-19 cases in Pima County." Kelapire goes on to report on what team members are saying about their concerns in relation to the pandemic and returning to campus.
  • "Arizona Universities Join Research Computing Fight Against COVID-19," University Communications, UA News, July 15, 2020: This article reports, "Arizona's three public universities are contributing research computing power to a worldwide effort to run protein modeling computations to better understand the disease."
  • "At least 60% of New Coronavirus Cases in Arizona Were Younger Than 44: Dr. Shad Marvasti," Power Lunch, CNBC, June 29, 2020: "Dr. Shad Marvasti, University of Arizona College of Medicine, joins ‘Power Lunch’ to discuss the rise in coronavirus cases in the state and what he’s seeing on the front lines."
  • "Balancing Individual Rights, Public Health during a Pandemic," Stacy PigottUA News, June 10, 2020: In this article, Pigott discusses the balancing act of upholding stay-at-home, quarantine and isolation orders while also "protecting public health and upholding individual rights" with University of Arizona Health Sciences, assistant professor Leila Barraza. 
  • "Best (and Worst) Materials for Masks, The," Mikayla Mace, UA News, July 6, 2020: In this article, Mace writes, "It's intuitive and scientifically shown that wearing a face covering can help reduce the spread of the novel coronavirus that causes COVID-19. But not all masks are created equal, according to new University of Arizona-led research." Mace goes on to report on research on the effectiveness of mask materials. 
  • Campus Re-Entry Plan Working Group, Office of the Provost, University of Arizona: "The working group shall pull together the best ideas from around the nation and the world to inform and devise recommendations to campus senior leaders on how the University of Arizona can optimally re-open its campus operations, including classrooms, research labs, dormitories, athletics, arts, food service, etc., after the worst of the COVID-19 pandemic has passed. Issues of timing and mechanisms for health management are important elements."
  • "College of Science and SBS Produce Educational Video Series on Pandemics," Kyle Mittan, UA News, July 14, 2020: In this article, Mittan writes, "While scientists work to uncover the many mysteries of the new coronavirus and the disease it causes, COVID-19, one thing remains clear: It has affected every aspect of daily life." Mittan goes on to report on the three-part series "Science + Society: Transformation During COVID-19," presented by the College of Science and the College of Social and Behavioral Sciences.
  • "College Students Ask University Presidents: 'Will We Be Safe'?," Chuck Todd, Meet the Press, NBC, May 28, 2020: In this video, "students from Florida A&M University, University of Texas-Austin and Georgetown interview University of Arizona President Dr. Robert Robbins and Howard University President Dr. Wayne A.I. Frederick."
  • "Coronavirus Epidemics Began Later Than Believed, Study Concludes," Carl Zimmer, The New York Times, May 27, 2020: In this article, Zimmer interviews virus experts, including Michael Worobey, an evolutionary biologist at the University of Arizona, about the "nagging ambiguities about the arrival of the pandemic" to Europe and the United States.
  • Coronavirus Information, University of Arizona: "This web page "serves as the central location for updates and guidance from the University of Arizona on the novel coronavirus COVID-19." 
  • "COVID-19 Forecast Models Report for Arizona" Joe Gerald, MD, PhD, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona: "This data were obtained from the Arizona Department of Health Services COVID-19 webpage and reflect conditions in Arizona as of July 17, 2020. This information is intended to help guide our response to the outbreak. It is not intended to predict how this pandemic will evolve. Rather, this model extrapolates what might occur if current conditions remain unchanged. As regional authorities and healthcare providers respond, their actions are expected to mitigate the worst consequences of this pandemic."
  • "Guiding Principles for Reopening University of Arizona’s Operations," Office of the Provost, University of Arizona, June 23, 2020: "Our objective is to articulate guiding principles and key public health domains for reopening University of Arizona campuses safely. This document is a work in progress and will be updated as new information becomes available. At present, several interdisciplinary working groups are developing, revising, and vetting protocols to resume in-person activities on University of Arizona’s main campus in Tucson, on our Phoenix, Sierra Vista, and Yuma campuses, and at our Cooperative Extension and Distance sites. We welcome input from the University of Arizona community, and will proactively solicit that input throughout the planning and re-entry process, including via an online feedback portal (located here). Updates will reflect new knowledge of the epidemiology of COVID-19, developments in biotechnology, changes in healthcare and public health capacity, and evolving social and economic considerations associated with re-entry."
  • "Health Experts Link Rise In Arizona Coronavirus Cases To End Of Stay-At-Home Order," Will Stone, NPR, June 14, 2020: In this article, Stone discusses, with health experts including Katherine Ellingson, an epidemiologist at the University of Arizona, about how the end of the stay-at-home order in Arizona is linked to a rise of cases in the state. 
  • Health Officials: Influx of UA Students Could Cause Spike in Tucson's COVID-19 Cases,” Alex Devoid and Shaq Davis,, August 1, 2020: In this article, Devoid and Davis write, "The growth in the number of new, confirmed coronavirus cases in Pima County has recently slowed, but county health officials worry cases could spike again in the weeks after students arrive at the University of Arizona later this month."
  • High-Frequency COVID Update, Economic and Business Research Center: This website provides updates on the impact that COVID-19 is having on the economy and workforce in Arizona and the United States.
  • Integrative Approached to COVID-19, Andrew Weil Center for Integrative Medicine: This web page includes integrative approaches "on the many ways to support your immune system" during the COVID-19 pandemic. 
  • Massive Online Open Courses See Exponential Growth During COVID-19 Pandemic,” Chris Impey, The Conversation, July 23, 2020: In this article, Impey writes, "Massive open online classes, or MOOCs, have seen a surge in enrollments since March. Enrollment at Coursera – an online platform that offers MOOCs, has skyrocketed and was 640% higher from mid-March to mid-April than during the same period last year, growing from 1.6 to 10.3 million." 
  • Multiple Data Points Suggest Slowing Coronavirus Spread in Arizona,” Alex Devoid,, July 28, 2020: In this article, Devoid writes, "The number of new COVID-19 cases in Arizona recently declined from one week to the next. 'The evidence now is compelling that we’ve seen a reversal in trends and things are definitely improving in Arizona,' said Dr. Joe Gerald, an associate professor with the University of Arizona’s Zuckerman College of Public Health. 'We could quibble a little bit about how fast, but I think it’s clear that things are getting better.'”
  • New Protocols for College Students Going Back to Campus,” ABC News, August 2, 2020: “How the University of Arizona and other colleges will have a different back-to-school approach this year due to the pandemic.”
  • President Robbins Conversations with UArizona Leaders and Experts, University of Arizona, YouTube: In these videos, President Robbins has conversations with leader and experts, across the UArizona campus, in relation to the University's response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Topics include: antibody testing, integrative medicine, technology, and research. Additional  conversations are available on the UArizona YouTube channel.
  • "President Robbins: UArizona Plans to Resume In-Person Classes in Fall," University Communications,  UANews, April 30, 2020: "After having his blood drawn for antibody testing on Thursday, UArizona President Robert C. Robbins announced a plan for bringing students, faculty and staff back to campus in the fall." This article goes on to share the announcement made by President Robbins and university's plan "Test, Trace and Treat to present our campus community a flexible and adaptive teaching and learning environment (Robbins)." 
  • Pushback: Hundreds of UA Faculty, Staff Sign Letter Opposing Re-Entry Plan,” Erik Fink, KVOA News, July 31, 2020: "As of Friday night, the University of Arizona associate professor, Leila Hudson, is one almost 1,300 faculty and staff members who signed a letter opposing the university’s re-entry plan." 
  • SAFER, Epidemiology and Biostatistics Department, University of Arizona: "As the numbers of reported cases continue to climb, state and county public health departments are responsible for conducting all case investigations for confirmed positive cases of COVID-19, and the University of Arizona has jumped in to help. Kristen Pogreba-Brown, Assistant Professor, Epidemiology and Biostatistics Department, leads the SAFER team. The SAFER program not only supports county and state agencies in the fight against disease, it also provides vital training for students who will become the public health leaders of the future." 
  • This Color-Coded Chart Will Help You Decide When to Leave the House During the Pandemic,” Hilary Brueck Business Insider, July 25, 2020: In this article, Brueck writes about and shares a chart, created by UArizona-based epidemiologist Saskia Popescuo, Dr. James Phillips, and Dr. Ezekiel Emanuel, intended to "ranks activities from dark green (safest) to red (very risky)."
  • "'This Is A War': Reopening Colleges," Dr. Sanjay Gupta, Fact vs Fiction, CNN, August 5, 2020: In this podcast episode, Dr. Gupta interviews former U.S. Surgeon General Dr. Richard Carmona, head of the University of Arizona’s reopening task force, and Dr. Rochelle Walensky, an infectious disease physician at Massachusetts General Hospital about the "complicated "logistics of reopening colleges during a pandemic." 
  • “'This Virus is No Joke': Arizona Receiver Jaden Mitchell Says He Tested Positive for COVID-19,” Justin Spears,, August 3, 2020: In this article, Spears writes, "Arizona Wildcats wide receiver Jaden Mitchell announced on Twitter Monday morning that he was one of three UA football players who tested positive for COVID-19."
  • UArizona Campus Reentry Task Force Briefings, University of Arizona, YouTube: This videos provide updates on the Campus Re-Entry Plan Working Group that is "focused on collecting and analyzing all available data from global, national, statewide and local sources while preparing for in-person teaching, research and operations in the fall." Additional briefings will be provided on the UArizona YouTube channel.
  • "University of Arizona to Institute Campus-Wide Antibody Testing for Coronavirus," Howard Fischer, Capital Media Services, April 20, 2020: "The University of Arizona will be testing its faculty, staff and students to see if they have antibodies showing they have had COVID-19. The testing will be optional, UA President Robert Robbins said Tuesday at a Phoenix news conference with Gov. Doug Ducey."
  • "U.S. Higher Education Faces Dilemma Over On-Campus Learning," PBS News Hour, July 21, 2020: This segment of the program reports, "U.S. colleges and universities are scrambling to finalize their fall plans as coronavirus infections continue to rise in much of the country. While some students, faculty and staff are looking forward to returning to campus, others are raising serious health and safety concerns. Hari Sreenivasan reports on how schools are approaching the decision, as part of our annual Rethinking College series."
  • "Will Students Have to Wear Masks for the Entire School Day and Other Education Questions, Answered," Melissa Mahtani, CNN, May 28, 2020: In this article, Mahtani asked Paula Herbart, president of the Michigan Education Association, and University of Arizona President Robert C. Robbins viewer questions about "what the future of education will look like." 

Note: More UArizona resources and partnerships can be found throughout this LibGuide based on topic.

COVID-19 Research Coordination Group 

Research Development Services

  • COVID-19 Campus Mitigation Plan/Research Operations, Office of the Provost, University of Arizona: This web page provides updates from the Office of the Provost in relation to the novel coronavirus (COVID-19).
  • COVID-19 Data Repositories, UArizona Research Innovation & Impact: ASU curated a collection of COVID-19 data repositories with project contributors including Columbia University, University of Arizona, Johns Hopkins University, New York University, Amazon, etc. If you own or know of a repository that should be included, please complete the submission form or email Phil Tarrant ( Your contributions may prove vital to fellow researchers and lead to immediate collaboration opportunities. 
  • COVID-19 Research Coordination Group, UArizona Research Innovation & Impact: "On March 12, 2020, the COVID-19 Research Coordination Group was established and charged with promoting and supporting the pursuit of research initiatives on coronavirus and/or assisting with state and local community efforts to prevent, contain, and/or surveil COVID-19. The group is highly interdisciplinary, consisting of >150 members from 14 UArizona Colleges, including the health sciences, law, social and behavioral sciences, architecture, humanities, optical sciences, and engineering. If you are interested in joining this working group, please email Bekah Coşkun,  DrPH, ("
  • Human Subjects Protection Program, UArizona Research Innovation & Impact: "The Human Subjects Protection Program (HSPP), as the administrative and regulatory support program to the Institutional Review Boards (IRBs), works in collaboration with the research community to maintain an ethical and compliant research program. The IRBs are the independent review committee charged with the protection of human research subjects. An IRB must review all research and related activities involving human subjects conducted at the University of Arizona or by in which the University is a responsible participant." For additional information see the Office for Human Research Protections website or contact HSPP at
  • Research Development Services, UArizona Research Innovation & Impact: "Research and Development Services (RDS) at the University of Arizona (UA) is an integral part of the suite of research services provided by Research, Discovery & Innovation. Our mission is to help UA researchers and scholars identify funding opportunities, form effective teams, and craft winning proposals, with the ultimate goal of increasing the quality and quantity of externally-funded research and scholarly activity at UA."
  • Research Restart PlanUArizona Research Innovation & Impact: This web page provides information on the Research Restart Plan: "The University of Arizona has committed to providing services to maintain and protect the health and welfare of its students, staff and faculty has identified a plan to inform the campus re-entry process across many domains."
  • Research-Specific COVID-19 Funding Updates, UArizona Research Innovation & Impact: This link provides access to a searchable database of updated UArizona Research COVID-19 funding opportunities.Collaborative Activities with Banner Health, UArizona Research Innovation & Impact, Research. "Banner Health (BH) is the University of Arizona's academic medical partner. This partnership is governed by an Academic Affiliation Agreement (AAA). Research studies covered by the AAA are known as “covered studies."" This link provides guidance and resources for those interested in conducting collaborative activities with Banner Health.
  • UAccess Research, UArizona Research Innovation & Impact: There is a brand new yes/no radio button in the Custom Data tab of UAccess Research (UAR) proposals and awards. In order to identify UArizona projects in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, please click “Yes” as appropriate in proposals before they start routing. No need to click anything if the answer is “No.” Sponsored Projects & Contracting Services (SPCS) will also use this response to populate a COVID-19 attribute on the UAccess Financials account. SPCS will flag any previously submitted proposals or active awards if “COVID” is in the project title. We’re also happy to mark less obvious projects if they are brought to our attention with a quick email to

UArizona Regents and Distinguished Professors (RDP)

Working Group Activities

RDP Working Groups are focused on different issues, but most share some common features:

  • They should reflect not only the immediate or short-term future, but also long-term strategic goals.
  • They should be thinking not only of the worst case, but also how we might avoid that scenario.
  • They should be open to redefining what counts as a core UArizona function.
  • They should leverage national and international networks to find out what our peer institutions are doing.

Working Groups:

  • Keeping students engaged in a largely online world. (Hoshin Gupta, Paul Blowers, Don McCarthy, David Soren)
  • Supporting the various communities we serve as the state’s Land Grant, including tribal communities and under-represented students. (Cynthia Thompson, Rebecca Tsosie, Toni Massaro, Sharon Megdal, Sally Stevens, Etta Kralovec, Frans Tax)
  • Maintaining UArizona’s research and education missions internationally. (Xiaohui Fan, Carol Bender, Albrecht Classen, Marv Slepian)
  • Keeping research and scholarship going in a COVID constrained environment: What are the options? (Steve Schwartz, George Rieke, Carol Barnes, Lucy Ziurys, Mark Nichter, Malcolm Hughes, Jeanne Pemberton, Victor Hruby)
  • Operating UArizona in a viral world: What conditions (including testing) would allow us to reopen campus, at least partially? (Marv Slepian, Don McCarthy)
  • In thinking about substantial cuts: what are the core/essential functions of UArizona? (Steve Schwartz, Lynn Nadel, Fernando Martinez, Robert Glennon, Lucy Ziurys, Diane Austin)
  • What should be our top strategic goals during this interim period of 6-18 months be? (Neal Armstrong, Chris Impey, George Davis, Lynn Nadel, Dave Breshears, Vic Baker)
  • Leveraging opportunities that arise within specific disciplines. (Tom Bever, Neal Armstrong, Lynn Nadel)
  • Assessing and modeling various future UArizona scenarios. (Jerzy Rozenblit, Fernando Martinez, Marv Slepian)



RCG General

  • Bekah Coşkun, DrPH ( For RCG general inquiries and promotion of new solicitations and resources.

Proposal Support

  • Jessica Moon, PhD ( For proposal development support related to health sciences COVID-19 initiatives (e.g., technical editing of the proposal narrative/white paper, fit to sponsor, strategies for other opportunities).
  • ​Kim Patten, MS ( For projects intended for submission as a state/local contract (immediate COVID-19 response projects only; no research projects).
  • Courtney Coffey, PhD ( For projects in education, public policy, and diversity/inclusion proposal support.

Success Stories/Project Updates

  • Emily Litvack (, RII Communications: For developing a media stories promoting UArizona COVID-19 response activities.

State, National, and International Resources

Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics 

"The Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics seeks to strengthen teaching and research about pressing ethical issues; to foster sound norms of ethical reasoning and civic discussion; and to share the work of our community in the public interest."

Covid-19 Response, Edmond J. Safra Center at Harvard University: The Edmond J. Safra Center at Harvard University has convened a rapid response initiative in response to the COVID-19 threat and is providing access to a variety of resources including:

  • A full series of white papers and op-eds "focused on issues of ethics and governance (including of the economy), emerging from the effort to respond to the pandemic." 
  • "Roadmap to Pandemic Resilience," "the nation’s first comprehensive operational roadmap for mobilizing and reopening the U.S. economy in the midst of the COVID-19 crisis."
  • COVID-19 Resources from Friends and Colleagues, a collection of publications discussing topics related to COVID-19 such as surveillance technology, how to confront and defeat the virus, the role of architecture, and borders.

Federal Government

  • Census is Reopening Too: Workers Fear Being Sacrificed to Coronavirus for the Sake of a Speedy Tally, The” - Alleen Brown, The Intercept, July 7, 2020: In this article, Brown writes, "was spreading wildly through New York City at the beginning of March, the U.S. government was reaching a critical moment in its hiring process for the 2020 decennial census. Clerks offered temporary jobs to thousands of people, who were to be tasked with going door to door and collecting data from households later in the spring."
  • Coronavirus Disease 2019Congressional Research Service: This webpage provides “a listing of recently published research products, divided into eight general subject areas, the Congressional Research Service (CRS) has prepared for Congress related to COVID-19.” Topics includes are: global issues, public health, economic impacts on individuals, and legal analyses.
  • Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) - Information for NIH Applicants and Recipients of NIH FundingNational Institutes of Health: "The [National Institutes of Health] is deeply concerned for the health and safety of people involved in NIH research, and about the effects on the biomedical enterprise in the areas affected by the HHS declared public health emergency for COVID-19. Due to the potential exceptional impact, we want to assure our recipient community that NIH will be doing our part to help you continue your research." This webpage provides updated guidance and information as it becomes available including; guidance (e.g. proposal submissions and award management, human subjects and clinical trials, animal welfare, and peer review), frequently asked questions, and funding opportunities.
  • "Coronavirus Q&A With Anthony Fauci," YouTube, August 3, 2020: "Anthony Fauci, MD, White House Coronavirus Task Force member and Director of the National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, discusses latest developments in the COVID-19 pandemic."
  • COVID-19 Legal Materials and News, Westlaw: This web page provides access to a compilation of federal legislation, federal executive orders, and administrative decisions and guidance in relation to the COVID-19 pandemic. Note: You will need to sign in with your credentials in order to access these materials. 
  • "COVID-19 - The  Law and Limits of Quarantine," Wendy E. Parmet, J.D., and Michael S. Sinha, M.D., J.D., M.P.H., The New England Journal of Medicine, April 9, 2020: In this article, Parmet  and Sinha provide historic and current information about federal and state laws related to travel bans and quarantines as they relate to the COVID-19 pandemic. They go on to point out the limitations of these laws and their ability to end the pandemic writing, "Despite their breadth, the federal and state quarantine powers are subject to important constitutional limitations" yet "travel bans and mandatory quarantines alone cannot end the outbreak."
  • "Dr. Birx Provides Update on COVID-19 in Arizona, Florida, Texas, and California," C-Span, July 8, 2020: "During the White House Coronavirus Task Force news conference at the Department of Education, Dr. Birx provides an update on the rise in COVID-19 cases in Arizona, Florida, Texas, and California. She encourages residents to abide by social distancing guidelines and to wear face coverings in public."
  • Government Response to Coronavirus, COVID-19, Government Information and Services: The web page provides a compilation of United States government information and resources aimed at answering the question "What is the federal government doing in response to COVID-19?" Topics include: health and safety, money and taxes, education, scams and fraud, and voting and elections.
  • "Interim Guidance for Administrators of US Institutions of Higher Education," Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "This interim guidance is intended for administrators of public and private institutions of higher education (IHE). IHE include a diverse set of American colleges and universities: 2- or 4-year; public, private non-profit, or private for-profit; and comprehensive, research-focused, or special mission. IHE administrators (e.g., presidents, deans, provosts) are individuals who make policies and procedures, set educational aims and standards, and direct programming of institutions of higher education."
  • "Republicans, with Exception of Trump, Now Push Mask-Wearing," Aamer Madhani and Laurie Kellman, Associated Press, June 30, 2020: In this article, Madhni and Kellman report that "[in] Republican circles, with the notable exception of the man who leads the party, the debate about masks is over: It’s time to put one on." They go on to write, "As a surge of infections hammers the South and West, GOP officials are pushing back against the notion that masks are about politics, as President Donald Trump suggests, and telling Americans they can help save lives." 
  • "Trump Administration Strips C.D.C. of Control of Coronavirus Data," Sheryl Gay Stolberg, The New York Times, July 14, 2020: In this article, Stolberg writes, "Hospitals have been ordered to bypass the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and send all patient information to a central database in Washington, raising questions about transparency."
  • "Trump to US Schools: Reopen or You May Lose Federal Funds," Collin Binkley, Associated Press, July 8, 2020: In this article, Binkley writes, "Determined to reopen America’s schools despite coronavirus worries, President Donald Trump threatened Wednesday to hold back federal money if school districts don’t bring their students back in the fall." Binkley goes on to report on the potential impact of these threats. 
  • "Tulsa Reports Record Spike in COVID-19 Cases," Associated Press, June 24, 2020: This article reports, "Tulsa health officials on Wednesday reported a record spike in COVID-19 cases in the county but said it’s too soon to attribute any increase in infections to President Donald Trump’s campaign rally. The Oklahoma State Department of Health reported a one-day record increase of 482 new COVID-19 cases, bringing the confirmed total to at least 11,510. The previous record of 450 was reported last Thursday. Tulsa Health Department Director Bruce Dart says the new cases have been linked to gatherings such as funerals, weddings and people going to bars. He says because the incubation period is anywhere from two to 14 days, the virus could be spread for weeks after that by anybody exposed during Saturday’s rally." 
  • "U.S. and Chinese Scientists Trace Evolution of Coronavirus in Bats," James Gorman. The New York Times, June 1, 2020: In this article, Gorman describes research ("Origin and Cross-Species Transmission of Bat Coronaviruses in China") conducted by an international team tracing the "likely origin of the novel coronavirus to horseshoe bats." Gorman reports that "[t]he research was supported by a U.S. grant to EcoHealth Alliance, a New York-based nonprofit, that was recently canceled by the National Institutes of Health." and how the cancelation coincided with the conspiracy theory promoting "the idea that the novel coronavirus was made in a lab." 

Institutes of Higher Education

  • Assessment of SARS-CoV-2 Screening Strategies to Permit the Safe Reopening of College Campuses in the United States,” A. David Paltiel, PhD; Amy Zheng, BA; Rochelle P. Walensky, MD, MPH, Jama Network Open, July 31, 2020: “The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic poses an existential threat to many US residential colleges; either they open their doors to students in September or they risk serious financial consequences. To define severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) screening performance standards that would permit the safe return of students to US residential college campuses for the fall 2020 semester.”
  • "College is Worth it, but Campus Isn't,"  Susan Dynarski, The New York Times, June 29, 2020: In this article, Dynarski writes about the financial pressure that colleges and universities are experiencing to open amid the pandemic, "Colleges will have to look very different this fall if they are to avoid accelerating the pandemic. But financial and political pressures are forcing many schools to make choices involving difficult trade-offs between their students’ education, public health and their own economic well-being."
  • "Colleges Are Deeply Unequal Workplaces," Jeffrey Selingo, The Atlantic, August 1, 2020: In this article, Selingo writes,"As colleges unveil their reopening plans for the fall, concerns about the safety of faculty teaching in classrooms populated with young adults have taken center stage. But largely left out of the conversation have been the people actually getting campuses up and running: the staff."
  • Coronavirus Update, Harvard Gazette: This web page compiles articles published in the Harvard Gazette reporting on the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • "Courses at Montreal Universities to be Mainly Online in September," Marian Scott, Montreal Gazette, May 1, 2020: In this article, Scott reports that Montreal Universities will remain online while studying "the possibility of resuming some on-campus activities for small groups of students as restrictions on public gatherings are lifted, the university added. These could include small seminars, conferences, workshops and reading groups."
  • COVID-19 Memo Database, Stanford Law School: "The COVID-19 Memo Database aggregates 5,011 memoranda in a searchable format designed to help users quickly identify relevant information. These memoranda were generated by leading U.S. law firms, the four major audit firms, and a leading insurance broker."
  • "COVID-19 Research & Information Resources" LibGuide, University of Minnesota Law School: "This guide provides research and information resources related to the Coronavirus (COVID-19) in the United States and globally. The Research and Current Awareness section contains links to a mix of subscription and freely available online resources that cover both general and legal aspects related to the Coronavirus primarily in the U.S. and Minnesota. The Global Responses to COVID-19 section includes selective news and blog sources that discuss guidance/reports of international organizations and legislation in foreign countries (arranged by country). This guide is a living document and will be updated periodically with new resources and information as they become available."
  • COVID-19 Resource Center, University of Minnesota: This web page contains COVID-19 related resources compiled by the University of Minnesota.
  • "COVID-19 Resources" guide, Goodson Law Library, Duke University: "The COVID-19 outbreak has led to multiple shifts in our personal, professional, health, and legal environments. This guide covers some of the more comprehensive and useful research resources dealing with the numbers of people affected by the outbreak, legislation drafted and enacted in reaction, as well as academic, legal, and government databases covering various issues related to COVID-19.  It also alerts you to some of the specific actions the Duke and Duke Law communities are taking to support the research and action in this area."
  • "COVID-19 Special Law School Podcast," Ion Connett, Wolters Kluwer, May 13, 2020: "This report features Nicole Pinard, Vice President & General Manager of Legal Education at Wolters Kluwer, who brings exceptional experience leading cross-functional teams to develop innovative learning solutions for law students, professors and the entire legal education industry."
  • COVID-19: State Emergency Declaration & Mitigation Policies, The Policy Surveillance Program, The LawAtlas Project, Beasley School of Law, Temple University: "Legal mapping can help policy-makers, advocates and researchers understand what the laws are on a given topic, know how the laws differ over time and across jurisdictions, and provides data so they may evaluate their impact." This map focuses on data collected in relation to the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • COVID-19 Updates, University of California San Francisco, School of Medicine, YouTube: This UCSF YouTube video series provides updates on COVID-19 from the School of Medicine. Topics include: testing, ICU practices and outcomes, experience of elders, epidemiology, treatments and vaccines, clotting, and the new pediatric syndrome.
  • "During the Pandemic, 3 in 5 Students Face Food and Housing Insecurity, a New Study Finds," Sara Weissman, Diverse Issues in Higher Education, June 15, 2020: In this article, Weissman reports that "college students are struggling with food, housing and job insecurity during the COVID-19 pandemic" and that the "#RealCollege During the Pandemic, a new study from the Hope Center For College, Community, and Justice, provides details about these problems and their impact on students. She summarized some results writing, "The study found that about three in five students experienced basic needs insecurity from April 20 to May 15. Two-thirds of respondents employed before the pandemic experienced job insecurity and a third lost a job because of the pandemic."
  • "Emergency COVID-19 Measures Prevented More Than 500 Million Infections, Study Finds," Edward Lempinen, Berkley News, University of California Berkley, June 8, 2020: In this article, Lempinen reports on "the first peer-reviewed analysis, ["The Effect of Large-Scale Anti-Contagion Policies on the COVID-19 Pandemic"], of local, regional and national policies, the researchers found that travel restrictions, business and school closures, shelter-in-place orders and other non-pharmaceutical interventions averted roughly 530 million COVID-19 infections across the six countries in the study period ending April 6.
  • EpidemicLaw: A new e-mail discussion group launched by Professor Eugene Volokh, UCLA School of Law. This group focuses on addressing technical legal questions having to do with the coronavirus epidemic (e.g. quarantines or force majeure clauses, tort law of communicable diseases, and the closing of businesses).  Membership is limited, largely to law professors, though also including credible lawyers, journalists, and researchers from other fields. To join: Go to EpidemicLaw, select “Apply for Membership” or email Professor Volokh (
  • "Faculty Concerns About the Fall Semester," Colleen Flaherty, Inside Higher ED, June 30, 2020: In this article, Flaherty writes, "Professors across institutions increasingly wave red flags about the private and public health implications of default face-to-face instruction come fall, along with a lack of shared decision making in staffing and teaching decisions."
  • Global COVID-19 Resources, LexisNexis: This webpage provides free access to a curated database that includes "news, emerging legislative issues and research materials to stay on top of changes related to COVID-19 and the law." 
  • "HLS Fall Term 2020," John Manning, Dean, Harvard Law School, June 3, 2020: In this letter the the Harvard Law School community, Dean Manning outlines Harvard's plans for the Fall 2020 semester. Dean Manning writes, "[I]n light of the daily news about the continuing health risks of the pandemic, advice from public health experts, and the very real concern that testing will not yet be available on the scale or frequency needed to adequately monitor COVID-19-related illness in the Harvard community, we have found it necessary to conclude that Fall Term 2020 will be online."
  • "How is College Going to Work?," Social Distancing, The Atlantic, June 30, 2020: In this podcast episode, the hosts speak to "staff writer Adam Harris [...] to discuss what schools are planning for the fall."
  • In Focus: Coronavirus (COVID)-19, Bloomberg Law: "This page includes coronavirus-related resources and guidance for employers and lawyers, including news and analysis on coronavirus legal issues; trackers and charts on Covid-19 legislation and regulations in the United States and internationally; practical guidance on force majeure and coronavirus employment law; federal and state government agency resources; and court dockets." Note: Some resources require users to log in.
  • "International Students May Need to Leave US if Their Universities Transition to Online-Only Learning," Priscilla Alvarez and Catherine E. Shoichet, CNN, July 7, 2020: "In this article, Alvarez and Shoichet write, “International students who are pursuing degrees in the United States will have to leave the country or risk deportation if their universities switch to online-only courses, Immigration and Customs Enforcement announced Monday.” They go on to report that, “[t]he move may affect thousands of foreign students who come to the United States to attend universities or participate in training programs, as well as non-academic or vocational studies.”
  • "It's Clear Where College Students are Counted in the 2020 Census, but Not Others Who Moved Due to COVID-19," D'Vera Cohn, Fact Tank News in the Numbers, Pew Research, April 17, 2020: In this article, Cohn reports that "[t]he new coronavirus pandemic erupted in the midst of the 2020 U.S. census, creating a new set of challenges to achieving an accurate count." Cohn goes on to report how citizens are normally counted and option to consider about how best to count college students who would normally be "counted at their college housing during the school year."
  • "Law in the Time of COVID-19," Katharina Pistor, Columbia Law School Scholarship Archive: This eBook contains essays written by professors from Columbia Law School. These essays cover "a host of timely topics, including prisoners’ rights, elections, privacy, public health law, force majeure in contracts, bankruptcy, and more." 
  • More Than 6,600 Coronavirus Cases Have Been Linked to U.S. Colleges,” Weiyi Cai, Danielle Ivory, Mitch Smith, Alex Lemonides and Lauryn Higgins, The New York Times, July 6, 2020: In this article, the authors write, "A New York Times survey of every public four-year college in the country, as well as every private institution that competes in Division I sports or is a member of an elite group of research universities, revealed at least 6,600 cases tied to about 270 colleges over the course of the pandemic. And the new academic year has not even begun at most schools."
  • "New COVID Outbreaks at UNC System Schools Lead to Growing Concern about Return to Campuses," Joe Killian, The Progressive Pulse, North Carolina Policy Watch, July 15, 2020: In this article, Killian writes, "This week East Carolina University halted all its athletic activities after a Tuesday announcement that 27 people among its student athletes, coaches and athletic staff have tested positive for COVID-19. The announcement comes a week after UNC-Chapel Hill made a similar move, announcing 37 people had tested positive.
  • "New York Bar's Misguided Discrimination Against Out-of-State Law Schools," Vikram Amar,  Above the Law, May 4, 2020: In this article, Amar shares his response to the announcement that the New York Board of Law Examiners (BOLE), who re-scheduled the Uniform Bar Examination (UBE) from July to September, “would discriminate in favor of the 15 ABA-approved law schools located in New York state by giving graduates from these schools an exclusive 10-day window (from May 5 to May 15) to apply for September-test seating, before allowing graduates from out-of-state schools to apply for any seats that may (or may not) be available after the in-state schools were served.” 
  • #Real College during the PandemicThe Hope Center: "This new report examines the impact on the security of students’ basic needs, as well as multiple indicators of their well-being, including employment, academic engagement, and mental health. The data come from an electronic survey completed by 38,602 students attending 54 colleges and universities in 26 states. This includes 39 two-year colleges and 15 four-year colleges and universities. California institutions are not included in this report; this summer we will issue a special analysis of students attending the 114 California Community Colleges."
  • "Rush Back to Campus is Sowing Distrust at Universities, A," Monica J. Casper, Chicago Tribune, July 10, 2020: In this commentary, Casper writes, "I work at a large public university, where I’m an associate dean responsible for faculty affairs in a college with 500 tenure-track, career-track and continuing-status faculty members. Since the advent of COVID-19 and physical distancing, alongside public announcements of a return to in-person teaching in the fall, I have heard from many faculty that they are reluctant to return to campus."
  • "Salus Populi - Contagious Disease and Law in American History" lecture, John Fabian Witt, Yale UniversityApril 2020: In this lecture, Witt explains legal philosophy and the history of public health and contagion in the United States including the decimation of Native Americans, the Tuskegee trials, and border detentions. Witt also highlights Supreme Court cases, and shares historical photographs. 
  • "SEVP Modifies Temporary Exemptions for Nonimmigrant Students Taking Online Courses During Fall 2020 Semester," ICE Newsroom, July 6, 2020: This news release reports, "The Student and Exchange Visitor Program (SEVP) announced modifications Monday to temporary exemptions for nonimmigrant students taking online classes due to the pandemic for the fall 2020 semester. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security plans to publish the procedures and responsibilities in the Federal Register as a Temporary Final Rule."
  • "Simulating COVID-19 in a University Environment," Philip T. Gressman and Jennifer R. Peck, June 8, 2020: In this working paper, the authors write, "Residential colleges and universities face unique challenges in providing in-person instruction during the COVID-19 pandemic. Administrators are currently faced with decisions about whether to open during the pandemic and what modifications of their normal operations might be necessary to protect students, faculty and staff. There is little information, however, on what measures are likely to be most effective and whether existing interventions could contain the spread of an outbreak on campus. We develop a full-scale stochastic agent-based model to determine whether in-person instruction could safely continue during the pandemic and evaluate the necessity of various interventions."
  • "State of Higher Ed: Roadmap to Reopening, The," The Atlantic, July 8, 2020: For this video, "The Atlantic gathered higher education leaders and experts from universities, community colleges, and the like, to explore the different approaches to a reopen. What is the best way forward? How are institutions considering the value of higher education in this new landscape? And how can schools prioritize safety, while also providing the full breadth of college experiences and opportunities?"
  • "To Keep International Students During the Pandemic, Colleges Get Creative," Karen Fischer, The Chronicle of Higher Education, May 22, 2020: In this article, Fischer writes, "Although a recent survey by the Institute of International Education found that most international students in the United States this spring stayed here when the coronavirus shuttered campuses, new international students — and those who did return home — face very real hurdles to making it to their colleges: Border restrictions have halted most international travel, and students face lengthy quarantines upon entry. With most American consulates around the globe closed, time is running out for them to get visas in time for an August or September start."
  • Unchartered Territory - Legal Experts Weigh in on the COVID-19 Outbreak, Harvard Law School, Today Law: This web page contains articles and op-eds, compiled by Harvard Law School scholars and legal experts, addressing "legal and policy concerns and challenges that have emerged, including those involving civil liberties, privacy, historical precedent, and economic impact, as cities, states and countries respond to the epidemic." This page will be updated regularly.
  • "UNC System Faculty and Staff Prepare Lawsuit to Delay Opening," Megan Zahneis, The Chonicle of Higher Education, July 31, 2020: IN this article, Zahneis writes, "Faculty and staff at the University of North Carolina system’s 16 campuses are preparing a lawsuit to postpone the start of classes this fall."
  • "University Of California to Sue Feds Over Student Visa Rule," Mackenzie Mays, Politico, July 8, 2020: In this article, Mays writes, "The University of California announced on Wednesday that it plans to sue the Trump administration over a rule that forces international college students to attend in-person classes in order to stay in the country, despite mass online learning due to the coronavirus pandemic."
  • "‘Untenable Situation', An," Elizabeth Redden, Inside Higher Ed, July 9, 2020: In this article, Redden report that "Harvard and MIT file suit to block a new directive from Immigration and Customs Enforcement that would prohibit international students in the U.S. from taking an all-online course load this fall." See the lawsuit here.
  • "USS University," Scott Galloway, No Mercy/No MaliceJuly 17, 2020: In this article, Galloway writes, "Our fumbling, incompetent response to the pandemic continues. In six weeks, a key component of our society is in line to become the next vector of contagion: higher education. Right now half of colleges and universities plan to offer in-person classes, something resembling a normal college experience, this fall. This cannot happen. In-person classes should be minimal, ideally none." Additional resource: podcast interview with Galloway on In the Bubble with Andy Slavitt - "Should Colleges Open? with Scott Galloway".

Note: See also the Reopening tab in the Selected Topics section for additional resources. 


  • Coronavirus Dashboard, Avi Schiffmann, This dashboard is regularly updated with statistics for countries around the world on infections, deaths, recovered, and rates of change using data from the WHO, CDC, and other government websites. It includes statistics, a map, and a wiki.
  • Country & Technical Guidance - Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), World Health Organization: This web page contains technical guidance by topic, scientific briefs, and WHO produced publications in relation to the COVID-19 pandemic. Topics include: human rights, health workers, surveillance, immunity passports, and food safety.
  • "COVID-19 and International Law - Must China Compensate Countries for the Damages?," David Fidler, Just Security, March 27, 2020: In this article, Fidler "addresses the argument that international law imposes an obligation on China to make reparation for COVID-19-related harms."
  • COVID-19 and the Law of Australia, Emrys Nekvapil, Maya Narayan and Stephanie Brenker, This "is an online textbook, organised by subject area, providing guidance on the laws made by the Legislature, Executive and Judiciary (and administrative tribunals) of the Commonwealth and each State and Territory in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. This text is intended to provide readers with succinct, timely and accurate information about the interaction of COVID-19 and the law of Australia. The authors hope that it will assist practitioners to navigate the legal complexities of the pandemic."
  • COVID-19 Legal Scholarship, Melbourne Law School, University of Melbourne: This web page "comprises a regularly updated bibliography of COVID-19 legal literature from around the world. This page contains citations only.”
  • "COVID-19 Weekly Report," International Law Office, multiple dates: "The impact of COVID-19 is being felt in almost every work area across the globe. In order to keep readers abreast of this evolving situation, ILO's COVID-19 Weekly Report provides insight into the major legal developments of the past seven days, as well as a round-up of our panel of experienced international legal commentators' legislative and regulatory guidance."
  • "Do Not Violate International Health Regulations During he COVID-19 Outbreak," Roojin Habibi,  Gian Luca Burci, Thana C de Campos, Danwood Chirwa, Margarita Cinà, Stéphanie  Dagron, et al., The Lancet, February 13, 2020. "In imposing travel restrictions against China during the current outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19), many countries are violating the IHR. We—16 global health law scholars—came to this conclusion after applying the interpretive framework of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties and reaching a jurisprudential consensus on the legal meaning of IHR Article 43."
  • "Indoor transmission of SARS-CoV-2," Hua Qian, Te Miao, Li LIU, Xiaohong Zheng, Danting Luo,  Yuguo Li, MedRXviIn this article, the authors present their research where, "[c]ase reports were extracted from the local Municipal Health Commissions of 320 prefectural cities (municipalities) in China, not including Hubei province, between 4 January and 11 February 2020. [They] identified all outbreaks involving three or more cases and reviewed the major characteristics of the enclosed spaces in which the outbreaks were reported and associated indoor environmental issues."
  • COVID-19 Innovation Hub, Global Innovation Exchange: "Our key objective is to celebrate, source, and supply innovations across 12 COVID-19 categories (i.e. response areas). The growing list of 750+ featured innovations includes those that are ready to deploy, plus innovations that could be adapted for COVID-19 responses, or inspire new, much-needed solutions. A smaller list is identified as COVID-19 Recognized Innovations for their response efforts so others can more easily find and use them. We are also actively sourcing new innovations designed in response to COVID-19. We hope you find it valuable as we come together to address this global challenge, and would welcome your support so we can continue to help use innovation in tackling future crises yet to come."
  • "Justice for All in the Age of COVID-19," Rule of Talk podcast, World Justice ProjectMay 4, 2020: "The unprecedented public health emergency caused by COVID-19 is posing a major crisis for justice defenders around the world. Hina Jilani, a member of The Elders and Co-Chair of the Task Force on Justice, and Maaike de Langen, Program Lead on Justice for All with the Pathfinders, join WJP Chief Engagement Officer Ted Piccone to discuss challenges for delivering justice for all during the COVID-19 crisis, and how justice defenders  should respond."
  • Medicine and the Law, World Association for Medical Law: Theme Issue - The Covid-19 Pandemic: A Time Capsule of the First 6 Months, An International Perspective, v.39, International Center for Health, Law and Ethics: "So many issues may emerge and evolve, as a consequence of the COVID Pandemic. This time capsule, as provided within the pages of this June issue of Medicine and Law, will serve as a comparator of where we have been, up until May 2020, and may provide a yardstick against which to measure future performance and demonstrate how we travelled along that route."
  • "NYU Shanghai to Begin to Reopening to Students April 27," NYU Shanghai, April 24, 2020: This article provides an overview on the best practices being implemented by NYU Shanghai in order to reopen the campus. The phased reopening includes an optional return for students and a "mixed-mode fashion" for hybrid instruction.
  • "Physical Distancing, Face Masks, and Eye Protection to Prevent Person-to-Person Transmission of SARS-Cov-2 and COVID-19: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis," Derek K Chu, Elie A Akl, Stephanie Duda, Karla Solo, Sally Yaacoub, Holger J Schünemann, on behalf of the COVID-19 Systematic Urgent Review Group Effort (SURGE) study authors, The Lancet: "Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) causes COVID-19 and is spread person-to-person through close contact. We aimed to investigate the effects of physical distance, face masks, and eye protection on virus transmission in health-care and non-health-care (eg, community) settings."
  • "Universal Masking is Urgent in the COVID-19 Pandemic: SEIR and Agent Based Models, Empirical Validation, Policy Recommendations," De Kai, PhD, MBA; Guy-Philippe Goldstein, MBA; Alexey Morgunov; Vishal Nangalia PhD MBChB FRCA;  Anna Rotkirch PhD, ARXIV: In this article, the authors "present two models for the COVID-19 pandemic predicting the impact of universal face mask wearing upon the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virusone."
  • "Unmasked - International COVID-19 Fraud Exposed," INTERPOL, April 14, 2020: This article reports on how [a] sophisticated fraud scheme using compromised emails, advance-payment fraud and money laundering has been uncovered by financial institutions and authorities across Germany, Ireland and the Netherlands, as part of a case coordinated by INTERPOL."


  • BMJ's Coronavirus (COVID-19) Hub, The BMJ: "BMJ's covid-19 hub supports health professionals and researchers with practical guidance, online CPD courses, as well as the latest news, comment, and research from BMJ. The content is free and updated daily."
  • Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), Bradley: This webpage is a compilation of "[w]hat you need to know about responding to the coronavirus and how it may impact you and your business." Topics include: cybersecurity and privacy, labor and employment, immigration and travel, real estate, and healthcare.
  • Coronavirus: Fact vs FictionDr. Sanjoy Gupta, CNN: "Join CNN Chief Medical Correspondent Dr. Sanjay Gupta for the latest news about the coronavirus. He'll make sense of the headlines, speak with the experts and give you all the information you need to stay safe and healthy."
  • COVID Cast, Above the Law: This podcast is "a new special podcast to focus on COVID and the legal industry."
  • COVID-19, Commonwealth Fund: This website compiles "evidence-based policy options and analysis to help respond to the crisis. The Commonwealth Fund is "particularly concerned with society’s most vulnerable and the programs and policies that affect their ability to access health care and other critical services."
  • COVID-19 High Performance Computing (HPC) Consortium, COVID-19 HBC Consortium: IBM has formed the COVID-19 High Performance Computing Consortium “[b]ringing together the Federal government, industry, and academic leaders to provide access to the world’s most powerful high-performance computing resources in support of COVID-19 research.” IBM has also made available their Functional Genomics Platform free for the duration of the pandemic.
  • COVID-19 Location Data Toolkit, UNACAST: "COVID-19 is upending our health, our economy, and our world. Organizations in every sector are turning to location data and human mobility insights to measure its impact, create pivot strategies, and predict recovery." This toolkit includes: the Social Distancing Scoreboard, the Retail Impact Scoreboard, and the Recovery Tool.
  • COVID-19 Resources, American Constitution Society: This webpage provides commentary, analysis, and other resources from ACS and [their] network." Topics and resources include: recordings of briefing calls, blogs, state actions, and ACS chapter and network materials.
  • COVID-19 Resources, Fastcase: "In light of the COVID-19 epidemic the Fastcase team is working with our partners to ensure lawyers and volunteers have access to complimentary resources available to them. If at any time you’re experiencing difficulty logging into your account, please contact the Fastcase team at and access will be provided. Fastcase has created a COVID-19 resource hub, bringing together free legislative and government updates and COVID-19 content across leading news media sources."
  • "COVID-19: Straight Answers from Top Epidemiologist Who Predicted the Pandemic," Dan Buettner, Blue Zones, June 6, 2020: In this article, Buettner interviews Michael Osterholm, PhD, MPH, expert in infectious disease epidemiology who has advised both Democratic and Republican Presidents; Director of the Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy, University of Minnesota; and former interim Director of the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), about COVID-19 and risks, the viability of a vaccine, and what to expect moving forward. 
  • "Doing It All During A Freaking Global Pandemic," Jabot Podcast, The, Above the Law, May 22, 2020: "In this week’s episode of The Jabot podcast, I talk to Christina Moore, partner at Taylor English Duma. We chat about the COVID-19 impact on work/life balance, tips for dealing with the health crisis and a flourishing legal practice, what she’s learned in becoming her firm’s Paycheck Protection Program point person, and the challenges the legal industry faces as we continue to deal with the ramifications of the pandemic."
  • Dose, The, Commonwealth Fund: "The Dose is a biweekly podcast hosted by Shanoor Seervai of the Commonwealth Fund, a foundation dedicated to high-quality health care for everyone. Join Shanoor as she talks to leading experts about health policy issues in the United States and abroad."
  • "Fair Allocation of Scarce Medical Resources in the Time of COVID-19," Ezekiel J. Emanuel, M.D., Ph.D., Govind Persad, J.D., Ph.D., Ross Upshur, M.D., Beatriz Thome, M.D., M.P.H., Ph.D., et al., The New England Journal of Medicine, March 23, 2020: In this article, the authors write that, as a result of extreme demands on the public and health systems because of the COVID-19 pandemic, "the need to ration medical equipment and interventions" is becoming evident. They go on to provide historical perspectives on severe pandemics, to examine the capacity of health systems, to discuss ethical values in relation to rationing, and provides six recommendations for who should receive health resources.
  • Reasonably Speaking podcast, American Law Institute: "The law affects our lives and our society in many unique and profound ways. Reasonably Speaking features interviews with legal experts on some of the most important legal topics of our time. Each episode takes you through the law in action, beyond courtrooms and casebooks. Whether you are a legal scholar or a concerned citizen, this examination of the relationship between our laws and our society will leave you with a better understanding of how we got here and what we should consider as we forge ahead." Season two focuses on law and the COVID-19 pandemic. 
  • "Using LTE for Pop-Up Healthcare in COVID-19 Response" webinar, Bright Talk, April 16, 2020: This recording of the webinar explores "how healthcare providers are using centrally managed,  LTE-enabled networking solutions with built-in Wi-Fi and integrated security to immediately enable the pop-up healthcare services our world is relying on during the COVID-19 pandemic."



  • Arizona Congressman Raul Grijalva Tests Positive for Coronavirus,” Jesse Pound, CNBC, August 2, 2020: In this article, Pound writes, "Arizona Congressman Raul Grijalva tested positive for Covid-19, his office announced on Saturday. Grijalva, a Democrat whose district includes parts of the Phoenix and Tucson areas, as well as much of the state's border region with Mexico, is self-isolating in the Washington, D.C., area, according to spokesman Geoff Nolan."
  • "Arizona Coronavirus Update: 18,465 Confirmed Cases as 702 New Reports; 885 Known Deaths as of Friday," Alison Steinbach, Arizona Republic, AZCentral, May, 29, 2020: In this article, Steinbach reports, “COVID-19 emergency room visits and hospitalizations have continued to rise in Arizona as the state neared the two-week mark since its stay-at-home order was lifted by Gov. Doug Ducey.” Steinbach goes on to write, “The state reported the highest single-day increase in cases on Friday with 702. But the number does not mean all of those cases were confirmed on the same day, as lags in confirming and tallying test results are common.” 
  • Arizona Department of Health Services website: This website compiles all information related to "Arizona's response to the COVID-19 outbreak." Includes the data dashboard.
  • "Arizona's COVID-19 Actions to Date" news release, Office of the Governor: This news release provides a list of actions taken by Governor Ducey to address the COVID-19 pandemic in Arizona.
  • "Arizona's COVID-19 Spread is 'Alarming' and Action is Needed, Experts Warn," Rachel Leingang, Arizona Republic, June 10, 2020: In this article, Leingang reports that, "[e]xperts around the country and in Arizona [including some from the University of Arizona] are raising alarms about the state's COVID-19 situation because cases and hospitalizations have increased for the past two weeks." 
  • Arizona Medical Providers Call for Dr. Cara Christ to Resign,” Nicole Grigg, ABC 15 News, August 5, 2020: In this article, Grigg writes, "Nearly two hundred medical providers are publicly calling for the resignation of Arizona’s top public health official, Dr. Cara Christ. A letter was sent to top staffers in Governor Doug Ducey’s office as well as Dr. Cara Christ directly Wednesday morning." Read the letter here.
  • Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), Pima County Health Department: This web page compiles information to information about COVID-19 in Pima County. "This is a rapidly evolving situation, and the Pima County Health Department is closely monitoring any new developments."
  • Coronavirus in the Delta podcast series, In the Dark Podcast, American Public Media: This is a "limited-run series that follows people living through the Covid-19 pandemic in the Mississippi Delta." Topics include: prisons, churches, healthcare and law.
  • "Coronavirus: New York Imposes Quarantine on Eight US States," BBC News, June 25, 2020: BBC News reports, " New York, New Jersey and Connecticut have asked people traveling from states where Covid-19 cases are rising to go into self-isolation for 14 days."
  • "COVID-19 and the Arizona Paid Sick Leave Law (US)," Laura Lawless, National Law Review, March 15, 2020: In this article, Lawless shares "some tips to remain in compliance with [Arizona's] Fair Wages and Healthy Families Act" (2017) during the challenges resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • COVID-19 Complaint Tracker, Hunton Andrews Kurth: This web page allows users to track complaints related to COVID-19 by state.
  • COVID-19 Court and Legal Information and Resources, Arizona Court Help: This web page contains resources in relation to COVID-19 compiled by Arizona Court Help including: court information and updates; informational videos; scams, frauds, and price gouging, and the MCJC JPT podcast on the CARES Act, subsidized housing and evictions in Arizona.
  • COVID-19 Information and Updates, Arizona Judicial Branch: "The Arizona Judicial Branch is monitoring the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic and is committed to maintaining access to judicial branch services while keeping litigants, probationers, staff, and the public safe. The Administrative Office of the Courts (AOC) is coordinating with the state health department and other governmental agencies to ensure we are consistent with their guidance in the appropriate response while maintaining individual’s rights to justice."
  • COVID-19: Local Action Tracker, Bloomberg Philanthropies Project, National League of Cities: "The National League of Cities and Bloomberg Philanthropies have teamed up to collect and share actions taken by local leaders in response to the COVID-19 Pandemic." This tracker is a "collection of municipal responses to COVID-19 [...] collected through active research and direct submissions from local leaders."
  • COVID-19 Risk, Readiness, and Recovery, Wunderman Thompson: "Our Predictive Recovery Index and county by county presentation of Covid-19 impact on economic pace and velocity leverages our deep machine learning capabilities that are connected and integrated in the Wunderman Thompson Identity Network. Our Predictive Recovery Index is using Machine Learning to see, understand and predict county level economic recovery based on consumer spending velocity gleaned from our view into consumer purchase behavior across 41 categories."
  • "Experts: Arizona Officials Unlawfully Holding COVID-19 Information," Dave Biscobing,  ABC 15 News, April 27, 2020: In this article, Biscobing reports that, according to "top experts in public information and health privacy, [...] Arizona officials in multiple agencies are unlawfully withholding data, statistics, and information regarding COVID-19 outbreaks and abusing health privacy laws." Biscobing goes on to provide examples of and responses to violations from four law experts: Pamela Marsh, president of the Florida First Amendment Foundation and former U.S. Attorney of the District of North Florida, David Bodney, First Amendment attorney based in Phoenix; Dan Barr, Phoenix attorney, and I. Glenn Cohen, a Harvard Law professor. 
  • "Facing Your Face Mask Duties - A List of Statewide Orders, as of May 7, 2020," Littler Mendeson, Insight, May 7, 2020: "Numerous jurisdictions have encouraged—or mandated—citizens to wear face coverings when out in public, especially when social distancing cannot be maintained effectively. Some directives also obligate employers to provide masks to their employees." This web page will be updated to identify "jurisdictions where face coverings are recommended or required."
  • "Governor Ducey Extends COVID-19 Eviction Protections; Expands Rental Assistance Access," News Release, Office of the Governor, July 16, 2020: This news release reports that "Governor Doug Ducey today signed an Executive Order extending a moratorium on residential evictions until October 31, 2020, providing continued protections for renters who are facing economic hardship as a result of COVID-19. The order ensures renters impacted by COVID-19 will be able to stay in their homes while extending the time to access rental assistance programs."
  • "In About-Face, Arizona Shuts Bars, Pools Again to Curb Virus," Jacques Billeaud, The Associated Press, July 29, 2020: In thi article, Billeaud reports, "Arizona’s governor ordered bars, nightclubs and water parks to close again for at least a month starting Monday night — a dramatic about-face as coronavirus cases surge in the Sunbelt." Billeaud goes on th write, "Republican Gov. Doug Ducey also ordered public schools to delay the start of the classes at least until Aug. 17. Many districts planned to start the school year in late July or early August. His orders can be extended."
  • "In Arizona, Nearly 1 In 4 Coronavirus Tests Now Comes Back Positive," Will Stone, NPR, July 2, 2020: In this article, tone reports that "Arizona is contending with one of the worst outbreaks of any state as coronavirus cases surge again across the United States. Hospitals are bracing for a wave of seriously ill patients, and health officials are pleading with the public to wear masks and heed guidance about social distancing — even in the absence of a second stay-at-home order."
  • "Is the COVID-19 Pandemic Getting Worse in Arizona? Here's What We Know," Stephanie Innes, Arizona Republic, June 6, 2020: In this article, Innes spoke to health and infectious disease  professionals across Arizona, including those from University of Arizona, about the rise in COVID-19 cases in the state and how "As COVID-19 numbers in Arizona climbed last week, the state health director sent a letter to hospitals urging them to "fully activate" emergency plans." Innes goes on to report why this letter was sent out and what it means for hospitals, health workers and citizens.
  • Links to State Court COVID-19 Websites, National Center for State Courts: This web page provides an interactive map with links to state court webpages and resources in relation to COVID-19.
  • "Major Legal Publisher Adds Local COVID-19 Ordinances and Orders," Jean O'Grady, Dewey B. Strategic, May 20, 2020: In this blog post, O'Grady writes, "Thomson Reuters has added a collection of municipal ordinances  and order for the 100 largest U.S. cities." O'Grady goes on to provide an  overview of these resources and the most efficient way to access them.
  • "Map: Coronavirus Cases in Arizona by Zip Code," Courtland Jeffrey, Garrett Archer, ABC 15, April 15, 2020 (updated regularly): In this article, Jeffrey and Archer report, "The Arizona Department of Health Services continues to slowly expand its coronavirus data sharing, with the addition of detailed location counts for confirmed cases." They go on to explain the situation in Arizona and share an interactive map that allows the use to loo up cases by zip code. 
  • "Nurses, Doctors Feel Strain as Virus Races through Arizona," Bob Christie and Josh Hoffner, Associated Press, June 27, 2020: In this aricle, the authors report that, "[n]ow, after three months of anxiously waiting and preparing, Arizona nurses and doctors are on the front lines as the coronavirus rips through the state, making it one of the world’s hot spots. The trickle of a few virus patients in March became a steady stream two weeks after Arizona Gov. Doug Ducey ended a stay-home order in mid-May and allowed most businesses to reopen, and is now a scourge with no end in sight." 
  • Office of the Arizona Governor: This web page compiles COVID-19 pandemic information related to Governor Ducey.
  • Pima County Back to Business, Pima County Arizona: "Following the April 21 meeting of the Pima County Board of Supervisors, County Administrator Chuck Huckelberry  established a reopening Steering Committee called Pima County Back-to-Business (PCB2B)  involving all sectors who have been affected by the various shelter-in-place Executive Orders and directives. The Steering Committee will be led by County Administrator Chuck Huckelberry and University of Arizona President Bobby Robbins."
  • "Responding to Government Inquiries Related to Price Gouging During the COVID-19 Pandemic,"  Kendra L. Berardi, Ian T. Clarke-Fisher, and Edward J. Heath, The National Law Review, March 30. 2020: In this article, the authors report that "[a]long with increased news about the spread of COVID-19 across the country, there has been a surge of price gouging allegations and reports of government investigations into that conduct, particularly in the northeast." They go on to explain that it is states' and their Attorney General's responsibility to apply laws to protect consumers against price gouging and they provide details on existing laws for Connecticut, New York, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island.
  • "Romero Orders Tucsonans to Wear Face Masks to Stem COVID-19 Outbreak," Dylan Smith, Tucson Sentinel, June 18, 2020: In this article, Smith reports that Tucson Mayor Regina Romero is ordering Tucson citizens "to wear face coverings in public when unable to physically distance” which is an amendment to the “mayor's COVID-19 emergency proclamation, [that] takes effect Saturday at 6 a.m., and applies to everyone over the age of two, with limited exceptions for health reasons.” Read the proclamation here.
  • State Action on Coronavirus (COVID-19), National Conference of State Legislatures: This web page provides access to state legislation responding to COVID-19 and access to additional resources including the NCSL tracking of National Guard deployment; the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials tracking of guidance on testing prioritization, elective medical procedures and other public health policies; and NCSL state fiscal, education, and election responses.
  • "State Archives Unveils New Project to Document Government Response to COVID-19," Katie Hobbs, Secretary of State Press Release, June 22, 2020: "As the coronavirus became a national crisis and parts of Arizona began to close, the State Archives created the Archives Digital Emergency Preparedness Team to collect the State of Arizona’s reaction to the COVID-19 pandemic. The goal of the project is to capture websites of state agencies, counties, municipalities and tribes as they share information to the public about their operations, policies and reactions as the health crisis unfolds."
  • "State Government Plans to Reopen After the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic, 2020,"  Ballotpedia: "In response to the COVID-19 outbreak in the United States, every state has implemented some restrictions on schools, businesses, and/or public gatherings. The nature and scope of these restrictions have varied from state to state and, sometimes, between cities and counties within states. Policymakers, public health professionals, and other stakeholders are making plans for rolling back these restrictions and resuming more typical government, business, and social activities. Ballotpedia is documenting the contents of these plans, the debate surrounding those plans, and the political impacts." 
  • "State Health Director Tells Arizona Hospitals to 'Fully Activate' Emergency Plans," Stephanie Innes, Arizona Republic, June 8, 2020: In this article, Innes reports "As COVID-19 numbers in Arizona climbed last week, the state health director sent a letter to hospitals urging them to "fully activate" emergency plans." Innes goes on to report why this letter was sent out and what it means for hospitals, health workers and citizens.
  • Tesla v. Alameda County, California, 4:20-cv-03186, 2020: "Complaint for Injunctive and Declaratory Relief" is a case filed by Tesla against Alameda County, California which claims that Alameda County defied the stay-at-home order of Governor Gavin Newsom issued on March 20, 2020. 
  • Trump, Ducey Praise Each Other Over Handling of COVID-19,” Howard Fischer,, August 6, 2020: In this article, Fischer writes, "Gov. Doug Ducey’s meeting with President Trump on Wednesday came as both are seeking to write a new narrative about their handling of the COVID-19 pandemic."
  • "Tucson Mayor Romero Slams Arizona Gov. Ducey for Downplaying COVID & Hasty Reopening as ICUs Fill," Democracy Now!, July 15, 2020: "As COVID-19 cases soar in the U.S. South and Southwest, we go to the hot spot of Arizona, where 88% of ICU beds are full and the family of one man accuses Arizona Governor Ducey and President Trump of being directly responsible for his death, after they downplayed the threat of the virus and obstructed local officials from requiring masks even as Arizona’s case numbers were exploding."
  • "UArizona Partnership with State Begins with COVID-19," University Communications, UANews,, April 27, 2020: This article reports the "first phase of [antibody] testing will begin April 30 in Pima County and will include 3,000 health care workers and first responders." The article goes on to explain to process and purpose of antibody testing and additional phases in the project.
  • "Why the Virus is Spreading so Unevenly," Social Distance, The Atlantic, James Hamblin and Katherine Wells, June 9, 2020: In this podcast episode, the hosts interviews Staff writer Alexis Madrigal tracks coronavirus data with the COVID Tracking Project at The Atlantic. They go on to discuss how "[t]he nation’s attention has turned to the protests, but the coronavirus hasn’t gone away. In fact, the decline in hot spots such as New York may hide a growing problem elsewhere—a problem whose path has been disconcertingly random." Madrigal highlights Arizona as the state that "closest thing [to New York that] we have to that right now. Just look at their numbers. Back in May, they were getting 300 new positive [cases] a day, and now they’re getting 1,438 yesterday, 1,500 the day before that, and 1,200 the day before that. You see this line that’s just going up really quickly."


Selected Topics

Criminal and Immigration Detention 

  • "Arizona Lawyers Turned Away from Immigration Detention Centers," Laura Gómez, AZ Mirror, March 26, 2020: In this article, Gómez reports that, according to the Arizona chapter of the American Immigration Lawyers Association, "U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement [were] turning away Arizona lawyers from immigration detention centers if they [didn't] comply with a new agency requirement to bring their own nitrile gloves, surgical mask or N95 respirators, and eye protection." Gómez goes on to report on the challenges these requirements pose for lawyers to be able to provide timely and informed representation for their clients.
  • "As Coronavirus Surges in ICE Detention, a Message in the Skies Says “Release,” Cora Currier, The Intercept, July 4, 2020: In this article, Currier writes, "Yesterday afternoon, a constellation of words appeared above these edifices, visible for miles around the city. 'CARE NOT CAGES,' 'CHINGA TU MIGRA,' 'ABOLITION NOW,' and other phrases emerged in a circle behind a fleet of planes. The skywriting was part of a nationwide artist intervention entitled “In Plain Sight,” designed to draw attention to the hundreds of places in communities across the country where immigrants and others are detained each day."
  • "COVID-19 and Detention - Respecting Human Rights," Joseph J. Amon, HHR Journal, March 23, 2020: In this article, Amon discusses the threat of COVID-19, and the inability to practice social distancing, to police, first responders, correction officers, prisoners, and detained immigrants. Amon goes on to explain that three steps are needed in order to address the risk of exposure in detention: " have plans in place to prevent or limit the outbreak of COVID-19," releasing "individuals in detention who are arbitrarily" or those eligible for early release, and "individuals who are considered at high risk for severe disease or death."
  • COVID-19 and the Criminal Justice System, Prison Policy Initiative: This webpage compiles the work that the Prison Policy Initiative and their allies are producing to "push the justice system to flatten the curve and slow the spread of COVID-19." Included are briefings, demand letters and policy recommendations, tools for legal action and advocacy, and other resources.
  • COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Response & Resources, The Justice Collaborative: "Our criminal legal and immigrant detention systems have created spaces that are now putting people at extremely high risk, and there is unclear planning or transparency in most places regarding how people in those facilities, and our broader community, will be protected in the days and weeks ahead." This webpage provides "essential information, proposed policies, and other resources" including policy shifts, fact sheets and guidelines, and how to take action.
  • COVID-19 Global Immigration Detention Platform, Global Detention Project: "This platform reports how countries are responding to the Covid-19 [sic] pandemic within the context of their migration control policies. The platform also reports calls by independent monitoring bodies, NGOs, and human rights institutions demanding measures to safeguard the wellbeing of migrants and asylum seekers." Information is regularly updated. To share news tips or information with us at: To sign up to receive periodic updates to this platform here:
  • "Homelessness, Incarceration, and COVID19" podcast, Abdul-El Sayed, America Dissected, Crooked Media, April 28, 2020: This episode "looks at recent studies on people infected with coronavirus, and then talks about people who are among those most at risk for the disease." Sayed speaks with "Dr. Ashwin Vasan, President of Fountain House, a non-profit supporting people suffering severe mental illness, and Professor [of Law] John Pfaff who studies mass incarceration to understand how this pandemic affects society’s most vulnerable–and what needs to be done to protect them."
  • "In Harm's Way," The New York Times, August 1, 2020: "In May, many parts of the United States with low coronavirus infection rates began to reopen. It was a gamble that often resulted in a flood of cases, especially in the South and parts of the Southwest, where health care workers are now battling outbreaks they hoped would never reach them."
  • "Judge Orders ICE to Free Detained Immigrant Children Because of COVID-19," Vanessa Romo, NPR, June 26, 2020: In this article, Romo reports, "Citing the unrelenting spread of the coronavirus, a federal judge has ordered that all children currently held in U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement custody for more than 20 days must be released by July 17." Romo goes on to report, "U.S. District Judge Dolly Gee of California issued the scathing order Friday afternoon, saying the Trump administration had failed to provide even the most basic health protections for children and their families amid the pandemic." 
  • More Than 500 inmates in Tucson prison Test Positive for COVID-19,” Stephanie Casanova,, August 5, 2020: IN this article, Casanova writes, "The Arizona Department of Corrections said 517 inmates housed at the Arizona State Prison Complex Tucson Whetstone Unit, near South Wilmot and East Old Vail roads, tested positive for COVID-19 Tuesday. The unit houses 1,066 inmates and the entire prison complex houses more than 4,700 inmates." 
  • "New Mexico Court Denies Mass Prisoner Release During Virus," Brenna Goth, Bloomberg Law, May 4, 2020: In this article, Goth reports that "New Mexico Supreme Court on Monday denied a request to hasten the release of some inmates from prisons across the state to mitigate the spread of the coronavirus." Goth went on to report that "[t]he justices considered a petition arguing that failing to reduce the density of prisoners during the coronavirus pandemic violates the Eighth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution because exposing them to the disease in unsafe conditions is cruel and unusual punishment."
  • "No ID, No Job: How Coronavirus Left Parolees in Excruciating Limbo After Leaving Prison," Natasha Lennard, The Intercept, July 5, 2020: In this article, Lennard writes, "If the last three months of pandemic lockdowns have felt for many like time in suspension, for the man I will call Raoul, they have been an excruciating state of limbo: freed from the horrors of incarceration but unable to access the basic tools with which to restart his life, like a state ID or driver’s license."
  • "Preventative Detention in American Theory in Practice," Adam Klein and Benjamin Wittes,  Harvard NSJ: In this article, Kelin and Wittes "argue that a survey of American wartime, emergency, criminal justice, immigration, and health authorities illustrate that American law has not traditionally eschewed preventative detention 'where legislatures and courts deem it necessary to prevent grave public harms.' Therefore, 'if counterterrorism detention is necessary and tailored to encompass only the truly dangerous it fits relatively comfortably in conceptual terms alongside the many powers state and federal legislatures have given governments to detain citizens and non-citizens alike.'"
  • San Quentin faces California's Deadliest Prison Outbreak after Latest Covid Fatalities,” Abené Clayton, The Guardian, August 4, 2020: In this article, Clayton writes, "The Covid-19 death toll at California’s San Quentin state prison hit 22 on Tuesday, in the deadliest of several outbreaks that have hit prisons across the state."
  • Sotomayor, J., Dissenting Supreme Court of the United States No. 20a19 Don Barnes, Sheriff, Orange County, California, Et Al. V. Melissa Ahlman, Et Al. On Application for Stay,”, August 5, 2020: Supreme Court Justice Sotomayor writes, ” Today, this Court steps in to stay a preliminary injunction requiring Sheriff Don Barnes and Orange County (collectively, the Orange County Jail, or Jail) to implement certain safety measures to protect their inmates during the unprecedented COVID–19 pandemic.”
  • State-by-State Look at Coronavirus in Prisons, A, The Marshall Project: "The Marshall Project is collecting data on COVID-19 infections in state and federal prisons. See how the virus has affected correctional facilities where you live."

Note: See also the Immigration & Race tabs for additional resources. 


  • "COVID-19: Economic Impact, Human Solutions," Edward Lempinen, Berkley News, April 10, 2020: In this article, Lempinen summarizes the attached video writing, "The COVID-19 pandemic is confronting every level of the U.S. economy with an unprecedented challenge, and the government must mount a sustained, ambitious economic response lasting months and perhaps years, UC Berkeley economists said in an online forum today."
  • "Guide for Restoring the Economy that Matters to Americans Work in the Time of Pandemic, Phase I," Irwin Redlener, MD and Joseph Fair, PhD, National Center for Disaster Preparedness, Columbia University: In this article, the authors write, "Clearly, it is time to get serious about re-opening U.S. businesses & commerce. This Guide refers to a Phase I reopening, meaning that it does not suggest a plan for a full recovery. That’s a process that could take a year - or significantly longer. This is a suggested plan for getting many Americans, though not all, back to work."
  • "Latinx Economic Resilience in the Time of COVID, New America: "This live streamed conversation [features] local and national experts who will provide insights and resources, as well as move attendees toward action-oriented solutions."
  • "Mehdi Hasan and Rev. William Barber on Bailing Out People, Not Corporations," Mehdi Hasan, Intercept, April 27, 2020: In this video Hasan "spoke with Rev. William Barber on Covid-19, poverty in America, and the coronavirus stimulus bill that handed out trillions of dollars to corporations and gave crumbs to working people. How did the bill fail to meet the needs of poor and working Americans, and what would a just and equitable stimulus look like?"
  • "Paul Romer’s Case for Nationwide Coronavirus Testing," Isaac Chotiner, The New Yorker, May 3, 2020: In this article, Chotiner interviews Paul Romer, a Nobel Prize-winning economist who has served as the chief economist at the World Bank, in relation to his "plans to mitigate the economic fallout from the coronavirus and to allow for a return of normal economic activity in the U.S."
  • "Regulating in Pandemic - Evaluating Economic and Financial Policy Responses to the Coronavirus Crisis," Hiba Hafiz, Shu-Yi Oei, Diane Ring, and Natalya Shnitser, Digital Commons@Boston College of Law: "This Working Paper—which will be continually updated to reflect current developments—will analyze the major legislative and other policy initiatives that are being proposed and enacted to manage the economic and financial aspects of the COVID-19 crisis by examining these initiatives through the lens of these three policy priorities. It starts by analyzing the provisions of H.R. 6201 (the “Families First Coronavirus Responses Act”) passed by the house on March 14, 2020. By doing so, this Working Paper provides an analytical framework for evaluating these initiatives.
  • "Some Basic Economics of COVID-19 Policy," Casey B. Mulligan, Kevin M. Murphy, and Robert H. Topel, Chicago Booth Review, University of Chicago Booth School of Business, April 27, 2020: In this article, the authors explain that "[t]he costs of the COVID-19 crisis come in two primary forms. The first is the direct impact in terms of health and lives lost. The second is the indirect impact that comes from efforts by individuals, private institutions, and governments to mitigate those health impacts." They go on to expand on their notions of direct and indirect impacts, discuss what is known and unknown about the pandemic, explain what tools are being proposed to fight the pandemic, and provide four objectives intended to "save lives at the least cost." This publication has other COVID-19 related articles in the COVID-19 Crisis Collection.


  • "4 Questions Workers Have About Reopening in a Pandemic," Braden Campbell, Law360, May 22, 2020: "As employers in many parts of the country get back to business, workers are pondering tough questions, including whether they can refuse to work if they feel unsafe and what happens to their unemployment benefits if they do. Here, Law360 looks at four key questions workers have on their minds."
  • "Answers to Your Most Burning Employment Law Questions About COVID-19," Barbara J. Zabawa, Wellness Council of America blog, March 17, 2020: This blog posts provide question and answers in relation to federal agencies and employment law. This post also contains additional links to federal agencies and their publications.
  • "As Arizona Tells Businesses to Let Employees Work from Home, Some State Workers are Required to Go In," Maria Polletta, Arizona Republic, March 27, 2020: In this article, Polletta  reports that "despite having jobs [nine state employees] could do remotely, they or their colleagues are being required to come in if they didn't have COVID-19 symptoms." Polletta goes on to report the response from the Arizona Department of the Administration.
  • Comprehensive and Updated FAQs for Employers on the COVID-19 Coronavirus, Fisher Phillips, LLP: "Fisher Phillips has assembled a cross-disciplinary taskforce of attorneys across the country to address the many employment-related issues facing employers in the wake of the COVID-19 coronavirus. The COVID-19 Taskforce has created a Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) document, which has been continually updated since first published on March 3 and will continue to be updated as events warrant."
  • "COVID-19 in the Workplace - Mandated Paid Sick Leave," Deep Dive podcast: "On March 18, the Senate passed and the President signed into law the “Families First Coronavirus Response Act.” Among other things, this new law, set to take effect no later than April 2, 2020, creates a new paid sick leave mandate for all employers with fewer than 500 employees and expands the application of the Family Medical Leave Act to cover all employers in certain circumstances related to the coronavirus. Karen Harned and James Paretti will walk listeners through key provisions of this new law."
  • "Experts Tackle Questions Over Unemployment, Returning to Work in Arizona," ABC15, May 19, 2020: "More than half a million Arizonans have filed for unemployment since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. The system meant to help these people has been overwhelmed and beset with issues, leaving residents struggling to make ends meet. So what can be done if you're seeing issues with the unemployment system or have questions about returning to work? [In this video,] ABC15's Rebound Arizona team took viewer questions to unemployment attorneys Nina Targovnik and Amanda Caldwell, with Community Legal Services of Arizona."
  • Know Your Rights - Coronavirus (COVID-19) and the Work Place, Outten & Golden, LLP: "The coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak has changed the work situations for millions of people throughout the United States. In this time of crisis, Outten & Golden is particularly concerned about protecting people’s employment rights and has prepared a set of FAQs to explain how federal, state, and local laws can protect your job, your wages, and your livelihood."
  • "Meatpacking Workers are Focus of Virus Rule Petition to OSHA," Bruce Rolfsen, Bloomberg Law, May 5, 2020: In this article, Rolfsen reports that "[a] worker organization and a food safety group have petitioned OSHA to enact an emergency temporary rule protecting meat and poultry processing workers from coronavirus infections." Rolfsen goes on to report that "[t]he petition could face resistance from OSHA. The agency and the Department of Labor have turned down requests from lawmakers to adopt a Covid-19 emergency rule for health-care workers. Instead, the agency, with the CDC, has issued guidance that employers may follow."
  • "Not All Unemployed People Get Unemployed Benefits; In Some States Very Few Do," Drew DeSilver, Fact Tank News in the Numbers, April 24, 2020: In this article, DeSilver reports on who and who is not receiving unemployment benefits when "[t]he number of Americans who have filed first-time claims for unemployment benefits has blown past previous records, more than 24 million have filed since mid-March, when the COVID-19 pandemic began shuttering large swaths of the U.S. economy."

Note: See also the Reopening and Working from Home tabs for additional resources.

Family Law

  • "Co-Parenting and COVID-19: Q & A with a Child Custody Expert," Cronkite News, April 18, 2020: In this article, "Cronkite News spoke to Jann Blackstone, a retired California Superior Court child custody mediator, to offer advice for parents struggling with visitation in the age of COVID-19." Blackstone goes on to share advice on shared custody, putting the needs of children first, divorce, and pros of quarantine.
  • COVID-19 & Family Law Issues, American Bar Association: This webpage is a compilation of resources related to COVID-19 and how it 'affects various aspects of family law." Topics included are: family law, assisted reproductive technology, law practice management, and ABA webinars.
  • COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Information and Resources, Arizona Department of Child Safety: This webpage is a compilation of information and resources of DCS-related COVID-19 updates. Topics include: court guidance, tch support for virtual visits, community and contracted providers, and parents and caregivers.
  • "Family Court Guidelines for Parenting Time of Children During the COVID-19 Pandemic," Arizona Supreme Court, Administrative Office of the Courts: These guidelines are intended to assist parents considering the modification of their parenting plan as a result of challenges from COVID-19. "The goal of these guidelines is to encourage [parents] to follow existing parenting plan[s] as closely as possible” in order to "ensure a level of consistency and stability, which is in your children’s best interests." 
  • "Florida Judge Rules That ER Doctor Must Lose Custody of 4-Year-Old Daughter because of Coronavirus Fears," Joshua Botes, USA Today, April 14, 2020: In this article, Botes reports that Dr. Theresa Greene, a Miami emergency room doctor “temporarily lost custody of her 4-year-old daughter amid heightened fears over coronavirus.” Botes goes on to explain that custody was “granted by Judge Bernard Shapiro of the 11th Judicial Circuit of Florida ‘[i]n order to protect the best interests of the minor child, including but not limited to the minor child’s safety and welfare.'"

Hospice and Palliative Care


  • "COVID-19 Hospice How-To Series - Application of the FFCRA 'Health Care Provider' Exemption to Hospices," Meg S.L. Pekaske and Erin E. Burns, Healthcare Law Insights, April 3, 2020: In this article Pekaske and Burns explained what the Families First Coronavirus Response Act is and its impact on hospice providers and caregivers. 
  • "Forced Assistance," Rachel M. Cohen, The Intercept, July 6, 2020: In this article Cohen writes, In the United States, residents of nursing homes and assisted living facilities have been particularly vulnerable, with more than 51,000 deaths reported nationally from those institutions so far. In Florida, like elsewhere in the country, the number of Covid-19 deaths at senior living facilities has grown at a much faster rate than the broader population and, by early May, accounted for more than a third of the state’s pandemic fatalities."
  • Hospice and Palliative Care Resources for the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization: This webpage provides a compilation of NHPCO produced documents and outside resources focused on hospice and palliative care in relation to COVID-19. Included are: NHPCO webinars, tools, and letters to Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, legislators, and the Administration; CARES Act information; resources related to medical supplies; and resources related to employers.
  • "How COVID-19 is Straining Hospice Care," PBS, updated April 14, 2020: This article discusses how COVID-19 is fundamentally changing hospice and palliative care delivery in the home and at facilities. The article goes on to highlight how the key elements of hospice care, "comfort, touch, togetherness," are challenging to provide and the integration of protective measures and minimized visitations have created a "barrier to the closeness and intimacy most people crave with a dying loved one living out their final days."
  • "The Importance of Addressing Advance Care Planning and Decisions About Do-Not-Resuscitate Orders During Novel Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19)," J. Randall Curtis, MD, MPH, Erin K. Kross, MD, Renee D. Stapleton, MD. PhD, JAMA Network, March 27, 2020In this article, the authors discuss the importance of providing goal-concordant care and three reasons why "advance care planning prior to serious acute illness and discussions about goals of care at the onset of serious acute illness should be a high priority." 
  • "It's Time to Get Serious About End-of-Life Care for High-Risk Coronavirus Patients," Jessica Gold and Shoshana Ungerleider, Time Magazine, March 30, 2020: In this article, Gold and Ungerleider discuss the magnitude of death due to COVID-19 and how "these are not the deaths or celebrations of life any of us would likely choose." The authors go on to explain that "COVID-19 has taken away our control over many things, including, possibly, our final days" and that, in this new era, hospital "protocols aren’t as clear." This article emphasized the need for families to have conversations about end-of-life care and to document their wishes and advanced directives in order to take back some control.


  • COVID-19 and U.S. Immigration, Murphy Law Firm: "While our lives are impacted by the coronavirus (COVID-19) and how business is conducted around the world, immigrants and U.S. employers need to know how processes and procedures are impacted for them, as well. The attorneys at the Murthy Law Firm are staying on top of the situation." This web page is a compilation of all resources within this website related to COVID-19. Resources included are: news briefs, frequently asked questions, and blog posts.
  • "COVID-19 Immigration Pause - How Will President Trump's New Immigration Suspension Affect US Employers?," The National Law Review, April 23, 2020: This article discusses President Trump Proclamation centering on a "60-day US entry ban for certain foreign nationals applying to permanently enter the US on “immigrant visas” (AKA green cards), but does not directly affect “nonimmigrant visas” used to temporarily visit, study, or work in the US, such as the popular H-1B, TN, F-1, or B-1/B-2 visas." This article goes on to address questions "US employers may have in response to the Proclamation." 
  • ICE Guidance on "U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) is working closely with the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and other federal, state, and local agencies to facilitate a speedy, whole-of-government response in confronting Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), keeping everyone safe, and helping detect and slow the spread of the virus." This webpage will be updated frequently "[t]o keep the public, media and family members of those in custody and other stakeholders informed." 
  • Immigrants and COVID-19, New American Economy Research Fund: This webpage is updated every week with new information on immigrants and Covid-19"As government officials, journalists, advocates, business leaders, essential workers, and concerned community members, we know that you are fighting to respond effectively and safely to the Covid-19 [sic] public health crisis. NAE is working to produce the latest estimates that show how immigrants are part of America’s fight and response to the Covid-19 [sic] health crisis." 
  • Information and Resources Related to COVID-19 Pandemic, Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc.: CLINIC has been "tracking and reporting changes in government policies that affect immigration services in agencies and the immigration courts. We are advocating for measures that promote public health and safety and protect immigrants and their legal representatives during this national emergency. We also are closely monitoring how immigrants in the United States, abroad and at our borders are affected. Please make sure to regularly check our website for these updates. CLINIC Affiliates are encouraged to contact our Advocacy team at if you are encountering issues in your practice that are not addressed by measures taken by federal agencies."

Note: See also the Criminal and Immigration Detention & Race tabs for additional resources.

Indigenous Communities

  • "Covering Coronavirus - Indian Country," The Frontline Dispatch podcast, PBS April 24, 2020: In this podcast and in conversation with fellow New Mexico PBS reporter Antonia Gonzales, journalist Raney Aronson-Rath reports on the impact that COVID-19 is having on tribal communities.  Aronsen-Rath stated that, "In Native American communities across the country, there are reports of shortages of necessary medical supplies and critical care beds for patients. What’s more, tribes say their requests for federal help are being ignored." The conversation goes on to discuss the historic underfunding of Indian Health Service Programs and what tribal nations are doing to address COVID-19 with limited resources.
  • "COVID in Indian County," Abdul El-Sayed, America Dissected podcast, Crooked Media, May 22, 2020: in this episode, El-Sayed "talks to Navajo National Council Delegate Carl Slater about why Navajo Nation faces one of the worst COVID19 outbreaks in America. He then talks to Rebecca Nagle, journalist and host of Crooked Media’s “This Land” podcast about the broader implications of COVID19 in Indian Country."
  • COVID-19 and Indigenous Peoples, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Indigenous Peoples, United Nations: This web page explains the impact that COVID-19 is having on indigenous peoples and communities and provides a complication of resources from including those from "indigenous peoples are seeking their own solutions to this pandemic." Sources of these statements, declarations, recommendations, and reports include: indigenous peoples organizations, the UN, UN-mandated bodies, and UN agencies.
  • "COVID-19 Resources for Indigenous Peoples," Labriola Center, Arizona State University Library: This webpage/guide is intended to serve as a starting point for users "seeking indigenous-centric resources and Tribal perspectives on COVID-19 (novel coronavirus). It will be updated as the"COVID-19 situation continues to develop in Indigenous communities."
  • "For Native Americans, COVID-19 is ‘the worst of both worlds at the same time’," Liz Mineo, The Harvard Gazette, May 8, 2020: In this article, Mineo interviews Harvard experts about the impact that the COVID-19 pandemic is having on Native Americas. She writes, "Over the past few decades, Native American nations have increasingly taken on greater responsibility for providing a wide range of governmental services on their lands; in many instances the same services that state and local governments offer their citizens. Unlike state and local governments, however, the tribes cannot collect adequate taxes to pay for these operations, making them dependent on income from casinos and other enterprises to pay for law enforcement, public safety, and social services."
  • "For Tribal Lands Ravaged by COVID-19, Broadband Access is a Matter of Life and Death," Darrah Blackwater, AZCentral, May 9, 2020: In this article, Blackwater writes, "A lack of internet access cuts off economic opportunities, telehealth and online counseling to rural tribal lands when they need them most." 
  • "GOP Virus Bill Offers Tribes New Flexibility, No Direct Funds," Emma Witford, Law 360, July 28, 2020: In this article, Witford writes, "Tribal governments would receive no new direct funding under Senate Republicans' latest coronavirus relief proposal, which increases flexibility for spending existing relief funds and includes $2.6 billion for tribal education and health care."
  • "Native Americans Being Left Out of US Coronavirus Data and Labeled as Other," Rebecca Nagle, The Guardian, April 24, 2020: In this article, Nagle reports that Native Americans "are being left out of demographic data on the impact of the coronavirus across the US, raising fears of hidden health emergencies in one of the country’s most vulnerable populations." Nagel goes on to report that for states "that do categorize Native Americans in the demographic results, early data indicates dramatically disproportionate rates of infection and death."
  • "Native Americans Feel Devastated by Illness, But Overlooked in Data," Kate Conger, Robert Gebeloff and Richard A. Oppel, Jr., The New York Times, July 30, 2020: In this article, the authors write, Statistical gaps can make it difficult to properly allocate public resources to Native Americans. When that's the case, one leader said, 'tribal nations have an effective death sentence.'''
  • "Navajo & Hopi Families Fund Lifts Relief Effort to New Heights," RimaKrisst, Navajo Times, July 23, 2020: In this article, Krisst writes, "The grassroots Navajo & Hopi Families COVID-19 Relief Fund, which has raised over $5.6 million since March, has now partnered with Air Serv International to bring aid to Navajo rural communities by air." 
  • "Navajo Nation Extends Emergency Declaration and Government Closure to Aug. 16," Navajo-Hopi Observer, July 23, 2020: This article includes information provided by the Office of the Navajo Nation President. It reads, "Because of a rise in COVID-19 cases in nearby towns and cities, Navajo Nation President Jonathan Nez said the Navajo Nation is extending the emergency declaration and government closure to Aug. 16."
  • "Navajo Nation Faces Twin Threats as Wildfires Spread During Pandemic," Cody Nelson, The Guardian, July 6, 2020: In this article, Nelson writes, "“In Arizona and New Mexico, indigenous people have been dying from coronavirus at disproportionate rates. The Navajo Nation has been ravaged by Covid-19 since the pandemic began.” Nelson goes on to report that “[s]moke from wildfires could worsen those death rates. Research during the pandemic has linked short- and long-term air pollution exposure with increased chances of Covid-19 complications and death.”
  • "Pine Ridge Reservation Restricts Non-Residents to Prevent Coronavirus," Arielle Zionts, Rapid City Journal, April 3, 2020: In this article, Zionts reports how "[t]he Oglala Sioux Tribe has banned non-residents with non-essential business from the Pine Ridge Reservation in order to prevent the spread of the coronavirus." Zionts goes on to explain the new ordinance, the strengths and weaknesses for the tribe in relation to fighting against COVID-19, and additional steps that the tribe is taking to protect their community.
  • "UArizona Health Sciences Ships COVID-19 Collection Kits to Navajo Nation," Gerry Kelly, UANews, April 3, 2020: In this article, Kelly reports that "[t]he University of Arizona Health Sciences shipped 250 COVID-19 sample collection kits to Navajo Nation in Window Rock" at the beginning of April. Kelly goes on the provide an overview of the state of testing for the Navajo Nation and how the partnership between the Nation and UArizona is providing hope for the community.
  • "U.S. Native Communities See COVID-19 an an Existential Threat," Stephanie Sy, PBS Newshour, May 25, 2020: In this video, Sy reports on how "Native communities in the U.S. have suffered disproportionately from COVID-19, with higher rates of infection and death. The Navajo Nation has implemented a series of strict lockdown measures in an effort to protect its population, but health care facilities have still been overwhelmed. In fact, tribes across the country see the pandemic as representing an existential threat. Native communities in the U.S. have suffered disproportionately from COVID-19, with higher rates of infection and death. The Navajo Nation has implemented a series of strict lockdown measures in an effort to protect its population, but health care facilities have still been overwhelmed. In fact, tribes across the country see the pandemic as representing an existential threat."
  • "'Wash Your Hands': Group Builds Hand-Washing Kits for Remote Homes," Kritsa Allen, Navajo Times, July 23, 2020: In this article Allen writes about a group of people that "have worked day and night since May assembling and distributing portable hand-washing kits to remote homes that do not have running water." 
  • With Navajo Nation Hit Hard by Covid-19, This CNN Hero's Mission to Help Vulnerable Elders Has a New Urgency,” Allie Torgan, CNN, July 30, 2020: In this article, Torgan writes, "On the Navajo Nation, spanning more than 27,000 square miles across parts of Arizona, Utah and New Mexico, an estimated 30% of residents don't have access to running water, making early hand washing guidance impossible to adhere to."


  • "Black America and COVID-19," Harvard Library, Harvard Law School: "This collection documents the experience of COVID-19 across Black communities in America.  Its intention is to create a collective conversation of material for teaching and learning about the contemporary effects of COVID-19 among Black communities as it is tied to the historical legacy of race in America."
  • "Black Doctors Say Pandemic Reveals Enduring Racial Inequity Medicine Alone Can't Fix," All Things Considered, NPR, June 27, 2020: This episode reports that, "About one in six doctors in D.C. is African American [...] according to the city's Department of Health. That's three times the national average, although still a small portion compared to the population that's 46% Black." The episode goes on to report that "[t]hese doctors see in their wards some of the African American patients who make up the vast majority of the city's COVID-19 fatalities"
  • "The Black Plague," Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor, The New Yorker, April 16, 2020: Taylor begins this article offering a new twist on "the old African-American aphorism 'When white America catches a cold, black America gets pneumonia'' by stating 'when white America catches the novel coronavirus, black Americans die." Taylor goes on to discuss how, when examining the effects of COVID-19 through the lenses of race and ethnicity, "African-Americans are more likely to have preexisting health conditions that make the coronavirus particularly deadly."
  • Coronavirus (Covid-19), Race and Racism - Legal Documents (Searchable Database), Race, Racism and the Law: This web page provides a searchable database of "law-related documents on the Coronavirus, Racism, and the law.  It does not include news articles." Documents included are: administrative decisions and guidance, cases, legislation, regulations, secondary sources, and trial court documents.
  • COVID-19 in Racial and Ethnic Minority Groups, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: This web page provides documentation and data focused on the "effects of COVID-19 on the health of racial and ethnic minority groups" stating that "current data suggest a disproportionate burden of illness and death among racial and ethnic minority groups."  
  • COVID Racial Data Tracker, COVID Tracking Project and the Antiracist Research & Policy Center: "The COVID Racial Data Tracker advocates for, collects, publishes, and analyzes racial data on the pandemic across the United States. It’s a collaboration between the COVID Tracking Project and the Antiracist Research & Policy Center (ARPC)."
  • "Lawyer's Committee for Civil Rights Under Law Responds to CDC's Preliminary Release of COVID-19 Race Data" press release, Lawyer's Committee for Civil Rights Under Law: This press release is a "new demand letter to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), calling for increased transparency and immediate action in response to COVID-19’s disproportionate impact on Black communities and other communities of color." 
  • "Many Black and Asian Americans Say They Have Experienced Discrimination Amid the COVID-19 Outbreak," Neil G. Ruiz, Juliana Menasce Horowitz and Christine Tamir, Pew Research Center, July 1, 2020: In this article, the authors write, "The coronavirus outbreak continues to have far-reaching health and economic consequences for the American public. But for many, especially Black and Asian Americans, the effects extend beyond medical and financial concerns."
  • Race Impacts of COVID-19, Embrace Race: This web page contains a compilation of "news links that begin to tell the story of the impact of COVID-19 on Black, Indigenous and People of Color and other racialized communities." 
  • Sick Empire, The North Star, This podcast focuses on how "[s]ystems across the United States aren't working for the people they represent, and nothing has exposed the inequities more clearly than the coronavirus pandemic. Hosted by Branden Janese and featuring contributions from Shaun King, Sick Empire lifts the voices and stories of everyday people fighting on the frontlines of this global crisis and examines how and why the systems of this empire have been designed to fail."
  • "Social Distancing and the Epidemic of Prejudice," Linda C. McClain, The Hill,  May 5, 2020: In this article, McClain writes, "Although President Trump has tempered efforts to brand COVID-19 the “Chinese virus,” he continues to allege that China caused the global pandemic. Recent claims suggest the original source of the human pathogen was a virology lab in Wuhan, though there is considerable debate whether such reports are based in fact. Such divisive rhetoric serves only to inflame racist sentiments, likely causing the recent spike in bias incidents against Asian Americans, and to stir up nativist hostilities toward “foreigners.” Unfortunately, this is all too common in our hyper-polarized world."

Note: See also the Criminal and Immigration Detention & Immigration tabs for additional resources.


  • "Amid the Coronavirus Crisis, a Regime for Reentry," Atul Gawande, The New Yorker, May 13, 2020: In this article, Gawande discusses what healthcare workers can teach the public about how to protect themselves against the transmission of COVID-19 as they cautiously reenter public spaces. Gawande  writes, "These lessons point toward an approach that we might think of as a combination therapy—like a drug cocktail. Its elements are all familiar: hygiene measures, screening, distancing, and masks." 
  • Back to Work Toolkit, Madrona: "In early to mid April of 2020, we had more than 50 conversations with HR leaders, government and health officers. This site is the repository of documents that fit the practical needs of many company leaders –from HR to CEO to Facilities – to build a Safe Work Plan for Back to Work. This website offers both a slide deck of findings that was presented on April 27th, 2020 and documents gathered from many sources to help companies create their own Toolkit for Back to Work.”
  • "Campus Life in the Fall? A Test with No Clear Answer," Shaun Hubler, The New York Times, May 14, 2020: In this article, Hubler discusses the variety of approaches colleges and universities across the nation are taking to deliver education to their students in the fall. Hubler writes, "Across the country this fall, college life is likely to be vastly different from campus to campus — a patchwork that mirrors what is currently happening in states and communities, as some move toward widespread reopening and others keep their economies mostly closed."
  • "Can I Get Coronavirus from Riding in an Elevator?," Tara-Parker Pope, The New York Times, May 13, 2020: In this article, Pope addresses health concerns in relation to the use of elevators during COVID-19. Pope highlights the research conducted by Dr. Richard L. Corsi who "decided to model a hypothetical elevator ride using common elevator speeds, door closing times and ventilation systems."
  • "Case Against Reopening," Stan Yoshinobu, The Chronicle for Higher Learning, May 14, 2020: In this article, Yoshinobu writes, "We all want to be back on campus. But when it comes to plans for the fall, there’s only one right decision." Yoshinobu goes on to share 18 reasons "why colleges should not reopen their campuses in the fall, or very likely in spring 2021 as well."
  • "CDC Issues Tools to Guide Reopening Of Schools, Businesses, Transit," Hannah Hagemann, NPR, May 14, 2020: In this article, Hagemenn examines the contents of the release of documents from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention "designed to provide guidance on how child care centers, schools, restaurants and bars, and other establishments could begin the process of reopening in the face of the coronavirus." 
  • "College Choice - Reopen and Risk Virus Spread or Face Financial Ruin," Bianca Quilantan, Politico, May 2, 2020: In this article, Quilantan reports that "[p]ublic colleges and universities face intense pressure to throw open classroom doors even as health officials warn of potential spikes in coronavirus cases come the fall." She goes on to report that "[c]ollege presidents and their boards have a seemingly impossible task: Protect school finances without putting student and faculty lives in danger."
  • "Colleges and Universities Prepare for Fall Classes in the Middle of the Coronavirus Pandemic," John Dickerson, 60 Minutes, June 14, 2020: In this episode, Dickerson interviews administrators at U.S. universities "who are making plans for an uncertain fall, as students come to campus with COVID-19 still present." 
  • COVID-19 Insights - Adaptive Response, Prevent Epidemics: "When we think of reopening society, it’s about easing the faucet, not opening the floodgates. We created a visual and factsheets on when to loosen and when to tighten physical distancing based on the disease curve."
  • COVID-19 Musings blog, Erin Bromberg, PhD: "These "blog posts, while factual, discuss emerging science on COVID-19 in a colloquial way. They should not be interpreted in any other way. My goal is to make the science accessible to the general public."
  • "Does Anthony Fauci Think Colleges Should Reopen? We Asked Him.," Nell Gluckman, The Chronicle of Higher Education, May 22, 2020: In this article, Gluckman interviews Anthony S. Fauci, the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, "about some of the strategies universities have said they’ll employ" as they move towards reopening their campuses.
  • "Fearing a Second Wave, Cal State Will Keep Classes Online in the Fall," Shawn Hubler, The New York Times, May 13, 2020: In this article, Huber reports how the Cal State  "system is the first large American university to tell students they will not be returning to campus in the fall [while] [m]ost of the nation’s colleges and universities have gone out of their way to say they intend to reopen, but they are also making backup plans for online classes."
  • "Federal vs. State in Rush to Open Amid the Coronavirus Pandemic," James G. Hodge, Sandra Day O'Conner College of Law Arizona State University, Papers SSRN, April 27, 2020: "Despite millions of active infections and tens of thousands of COVID-19 deaths, multiple state governors, led by Georgia Governor Brian Kemp, are actively reopening businesses and withdrawing stay-home orders. President Trump should be elated. The White House has aggressively pushed state efforts to reboot the economy. Yet, the president publicly criticized Kemp for proceeding “too soon” in a rush to reopen. Underlying the political theatrics, the novel coronavirus is exposing a deep rift in American federalism as federal and state governments vie for primacy in remedying the nation’s ills. What powers could the president use to influence state actions whether to impose or lift mitigation measures? What zone of decisions are designated for the states alone?"
  • "How To Make Indoor Air Safer," Kaleigh Rogers, FiveThirtyEight, July 20, 2020: In this article, Rogers writes, "Experts have understood for months that the novel coronavirus, which causes COVID-19, can be spread by hitching a ride inside large respiratory droplets that are expelled when someone coughs, sneezes or talks. But there’s growing evidence that smaller airborne particles called aerosols can carry and spread the virus, too." 
  • Hygiene Theater Is a Huge Waste of Time,” Derek Thompson, The Atlantic, July 27, 2020: In this article, Thompson writes, "People are power scrubbing their way to a false sense of security." Thompson goes on to write, "In May, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention updated its guidelines to clarify that while COVID-19 spreads easily among speakers and sneezers in close encounters, touching a surface “isn’t thought to be the main way the virus spreads.” Other scientists have reached a more forceful conclusion. “Surface transmission of COVID-19 is not justified at all by the science,” Emanuel Goldman, a microbiology professor at Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, told me. He also emphasized the primacy of airborne person-to-person transmission."
  • "I'm an ER Doctor. Here's What I Feel OK Doing as My State Reopens," Amita Sudhir, Slate,  June 9, 2020: In this article, Sudhir provides opinions about the reopening of states and the health and safety questions people are debating trying to decide whether to remain at home or, if they go out, how best to do so. Sudhir writes, "The value of a life is not just in the simple act of living it, but in how you do so. I know that people want to be safe and healthy but that they also want art, and laughter, and music, and bourbon—to create them and to consume them. Not everyone can do those things in lockdown, but if you can, how do you decide?"
  • "I'm the President of a University That Plans to Offer Antibody Tests to Our 60,000 Students, Faculty, and Staff. Our Plan Offers A Way For Colleges To Start Up Again Despite Coronavirus," Robert Robbins, President, University of Arizona, Business Insider, May 7, 2020: In this article, President Robbin's explains the response of the University of Arizona to the COVID-19 pandemic writing, "Before the rest of the world began to ask how we might emerge from this COVID-19 crisis [...] [w]e anticipated the need to adapt, and we began our work with resolve to protect our students and staff while continuing our mission of service to Arizona." He goes on to explain how UArizona is aiding Arizona's response to the epidemic by sharing research, developing FDA-approved testing kits, and expanding testing capabilities.
  • "If 95% of People Wear Masks, Tens of Thousands of Lives Could be Saved, Model Shows," Brooke Wolford, Miami Herald, June 24, 2020: In this article, Brooke reports that “[i]f nearly everyone wears masks in public, tens of thousands of lives could be saved during the coronavirus pandemic, an updated forecast from the University of Washington predicted. Brooke goes on to report that “[t]he Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation’s (IHME) model, which is often cited by the White House, predicted that more than 179,000 people in the U.S. will die from COVID-19 by Oct. 1, U.S. News reported. But the model also showed the number of deaths would fall to about 146,000 if 95% of the population wore masks in public, according to KIRO.”
  • "Lawyers Lay Out Legal Issues Colleges Face This Fall," Lindsay McKenzie and Emma Whitford, Inside Higher Ed, June 3, 2020: In this article, McKenzie and Whitford report on what "higher education lawyers say should be on college leaders' radars" in relation to the "litany of legal issues looms for colleges considering reopening in the fall, from safety to online accessibility to federal stimulus funding."
  • "Nightmare That Colleges Face This Fall," Adam Harris, The Atlantic, May 19, 2020: In this article, Harris writes, "This spring’s university closures have bought school leaders time to figure out how to introduce social distance into spaces designed to bring people together—classrooms, dining facilities, study lounges, and campus housing, to name a few." Harris goes on to report, "Colleges cannot keep students away forever; their bottom lines can’t handle that financial pressure. Nearly everyone with an eye on higher education is asking one question: How can schools pull this off?"
  • "Our Minds Aren’t Equipped for This Kind of Reopening,"  Tess Wilkinson-Ryan, The Atlantic,  July 6, 2020: In this article, Wilkinson-Ryan writes, "Since March, Americans have lived under a simple instruction: Stay home. Now, even as case counts spike in states such as Arizona, Florida, and Texas, many other states continue to ease restrictions on businesses, and suddenly the burden is on individuals to engage in some of the most frustrating and confounding cost-benefit analyses of their life. Pandemic decision making implicates at least two complex cognitive tasks: moral reasoning and risk evaluation." 
  • "To Navigate Risk In a Pandemic, You Need a Color-Coded Chart," Maryn McKenna, Wired, July 21, 2020: In this article, McKenna writes, "Is going to the dentist more dangerous than grocery shopping? Public health groups want to help us weigh everyday risks with to easy-to-read guides."
  • "Trump Administration Buries Detailed CDC Advice on Reopening," Jason Dearen and Mike Stobbe, Associated Press, May 7, 2020: In this article, Dearen and Stobbe report that "[t]he Trump administration shelved a document created by the nation’s top disease investigators with step-by-step advice to local authorities on how and when to reopen restaurants and other public places during the still-raging coronavirus outbreak." They went on to report that "[t]he 17-page report by a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention team, titled “Guidance for Implementing the Opening Up America Again Framework,” was researched and written to help faith leaders, business owners, educators and state and local officials as they begin to reopen." 
  • Weingarten: Teacher Strikes Possible in Arizona, Florida, Texas,” Juan Perez Jr., Politico, July 29, 2020: In this article, Perez writes, "Teachers in states like Florida, Arizona and Texas are the most likely to strike in protest of unsafe working conditions amid the pandemic, union leader Randi Weingarten warned Wednesday."
  • "What Will College Look Like in the Fall (and Beyond)?," Stephen J. Dubner, Freakonomics  podcast, May 13, 2020: "Three university presidents try to answer our listeners’ questions. The result? Not much pomp and a whole lot of circumstance." This episode features President Crow, ASU. 
  • "Why the Fall Will Be a Liability Minefield," Alexander Kafka, The Chronicle of Higher Education, May 29, 2020: In this article, Kafka writes, "With students, faculty, and staff returning to many campuses, this fall will be a Covid-19 [sic] liability minefield even under the best of circumstances." Kafka goes on to write about how many colleges and universities believe that they can offset liabilities by having students sign waivers and why this approach is potentially ineffective and irresponsible.
  • "Young People Most of Arizona's Confirmed Cases," The Associated Press, July 7, 2020: In this article, the authors write, "The number of confirmed coronavirus cases in Arizona has now surpassed 100,000 and younger people, not the elderly, have comprised more than half of them, state health officials said Monday."

Note: See also the Employment tab for additional resources.

Research & Vaccines

  • COVID-19 Conversations, American Public Health Association and the National Academy of Medicine: "Brought to you by the American Public Health Association and the National Academy of Medicine, this webinar series is exploring the state of the science surrounding the current outbreak of COVID-19 in the United States and globally, with a focus on the emerging evidence on how to best mitigate its impact. Hear from trusted experts in such fields as public health, infectious disease, risk communication, and crisis standards of care."
  • COVID-19 Literature Surveillance Team: "We are an affiliated group of medical students, PhDs, physicians and other passionate individuals. We keep up with the latest research on COVID-19/SARS-CoV-2, find the newest articles, read them, grade their level of evidence, and bring you the bottom line. Our goal is to empower you to take the best care of yourself and those in your care."
  • "Developing Covid-19 Vaccines at Pandemic Speeds," Nicole Lurie, M.D., M.S.P.H., Melanie Saville, M.D., Richard Hatchett, M.D., and Jane Halton, A.O., P.S.M, The New England Journal of Medicine, May 21, 2020: In this article, the authors write, "The need to rapidly develop a vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 comes at a time of explosion in basic scientific understanding, including in areas such as genomics and structural biology, that is supporting a new era in vaccine development." 
  • "Masks Are Better Than Any Drug So Far Against COVID-19," 11th Hour, MSNBC, July 20, 2020: "Dr. Murtaza Akhter of the University of Arizona explains why a coronavirus vaccine may not be a silver bullet against the disease and people should not dismiss the importance of wearing a mask."
  • "Merck Leaps into Covid-19 Vaccine Race, Aiming to Test Two Different Candidates This Year," Matthew Herper, STAT, May 26, 2020: In this article, Herper writes, "Merck, one of the largest vaccine makers in the world, is entering the Covid-19 arena with an announcement on [that] it is developing two different vaccines for Covid-19 and is also licensing an oral drug that might treat the virus."
  • "Moderna's Coronavirus Vaccine Shoes Encouraging Results in Human Safety Trials," Carolyn Y. Johnson, The Washington Post, May 18, 2020: In this article, Johnson reports how "Moderna, the Massachusetts biotechnology company behind a leading effort to create a coronavirus vaccine, announced promising early results from its first human safety tests Monday." Johnson goes on to explain the test results and connections between Moderna and the federal government.
  • "A New Entry in the Race for a Coronavirus Vaccine - Hope," Carl Zimmer, Knvul Sheikh, and Noah Weiland, The New York Times, May 20, 2020: In this article, the authors report how "[s]cientists are increasingly optimistic that a vaccine can be produced in record time. But getting it manufactured and distributed will pose huge challenges." They go on the report that [s]cientists are exploring not just one approach to creating the vaccine, but at least four. So great is the urgency that they are combining trial phases and shortening a process that usually takes years, sometimes more than a decade."
  • "NIAID Strategic Plan for COVID-19 Research- FY2020-FY2024," National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease, April 22, 2020: This plan explains "that NIAID’s ongoing response to COVID-19 builds on current trans-Institute efforts to better understand the pathogenesis, transmission, and immunity mechanisms of coronaviruses. NIAID’s current top COVID-19 priorities are studies that can inform efforts to control the spread of the virus, limit its morbidity and mortality, contribute to the development of vaccines and other therapeutics, and aid in the development of rapid, point-of-care diagnostics. NIAID’s plan articulates four strategic research priority pillars, each consisting of several specific underlying objectives."
  • "U.S. To Get 100 Million Doses of Pfizer Coronavirus Vaccine In $1.95 Billion Deal," Sydney Lupkin, NPR, July 22, 2020: In this article Lupkin writes, "The federal government has reached a $1.95 billion deal with Pfizer to acquire 100 million doses of its vaccine candidate against the coronavirus if the Food and Drug Administration OKs it. The vaccine would be free to Americans, according to the deal, though health care providers could charge to administer it."
  • "Wearing a Mask Doesn't Just Protect Others from COVID, it Protects You from Infection, Perhaps Serious Illness, Too," Elizabeth Weise, USA Today, July 15, 2020: In this article, Weise writes, "A new report from a hair salon in Springfield, Missouri, shows wearing a face mask isn't just altruistic – it also helps keep the person wearing it from getting COVID-19."
  • "Why Extreme Heat is So Alarming for the Fight Against Covid-19," Umair Irfan, Vox,  July 10, 2020: In this article, featuring  Katherine Ellingson, an assistant professor of epidemiology at the University of Arizona, Irfan writes, "A heat wave is baking much of the United States this week, with some of the highest temperatures forecasted in Southwestern states battling some of the most troubling coronavirus outbreaks in the country."
  • "You’d Rather Get a Coronavirus Vaccine Through Your Nose," Katherine J. Wu, The New York Times, July 14, 2020: In this article, featuring Deepta Bhattacharya, an immunologist at the University of Arizona, Wu writes, "Some experts say a vaccine puffed in the nose would be better at protecting people from infection. But nasal vaccines won’t be ready right away."

Privacy and Trace Data


  • "Contact Tracing," Lawfare blog: This webpage provides the latest podcasts, articles, and other resources covering contact tracing through the lens of national security. 
  • "Contact Tracing for COVID-19 Will be the Most Complex Health Investigation Ever," Craig Welch, National Geographic, May 24, 2020: In this article, Welch reports on the history of contract tracing, the challenges of tracing COVID-19, and the status of contarct tracing in United States. Welch writes, "The U.S., despite having more cases than any other nation, is only just getting started. And for tracing to work in freedom-loving America, a lot needs to change—and change now."
  • "Contact Tracing-Cryptography Specification," Google, Covid19-Static, April 2020: "This document provides the detailed technical specification for cryptographic key scheduling for a new privacy-preserving Bluetooth protocol to support Contact Tracing. Contact Tracing makes it possible to combat the spread of the COVID-19 virus by alerting participants of possible exposure to someone who they have recently been in contact with, and who has subsequently been positively diagnosed as having the virus. This specification complements the Bluetooth specification that contains further information about the scheduling of the advertisements and the higher-level lifecycle of the protocol."
  • "Coronavirus Contact-Tracing Teams Grow, as States Hope to Reopen," Dan Frosch and Joshua  Jamerson, The Wall Street Journal, April 20, 2020: In this article, Frosch and Jamerson report on how, Sandra Melman and the New Mexico Department of Health team "have spoken to more than 150,000 people as part of contact-tracing efforts to stem Covid-19 [sic]." They go on to discuss how, until there is a vaccine, contract tracing will be "critical in allowing the public to work, shop and gather in groups again without sparking more outbreaks." 
  • "COVID-19 Testing: PCR, Antigen, and Antibody Tests Explained," Texas Department of State Health Services: "There are three types of tests available for COVID-19: polymerase chain reaction (PCR), antigen, and antibody (serology) testing. PCR and antigen tests detect whether a person is currently infected, and serology detects whether a person had an infection in the past. This document is designed to explain the differences between PCR, antigen, and serology testing, and when one test might be used over another.
  • Digital Contact Tracing and Surveillance, School of Geographical Science and Urban Planning, Arizona State University: "As efforts to mitigate and suppress COVID-19 continue, many decision makers are asking if digital contact tracing—a method for determining contact between an infected individual and others using tracking systems commonly based on mobile devices—can help us safely transition from population-wide social distancing to targeted case-based interventions such as individualized self-quarantine. In response, the Spatial Analysis Research Center (SPARC) at Arizona State University organized a panel of national experts to discuss the use of geospatial technologies in digital contact tracing and identify the practical challenges researchers can address to make digital contact tracing as effective as possible. The major themes of the discussion included (i) the capabilities and limitations of geospatial technology, (ii) privacy, and (iii) future research directions." 
  • "Early Antibody Testing Suggests COVID-19 Infections in L.A. County Greatly Exceed Documented Cases," Leigh Hopper, News UNC , April,20, 2020: In this article, Hopper discusses the preliminary results of the antibody tests conducted by USC and L.A. County Department of Public Health and how they "show a surprising number of residents have been infected with the coronavirus." Hopper goes on to explain how "the results have important implications for public health efforts to control the local epidemic" by helping to identify past infections and better "gauge the pandemic’s trajectory in the region."
  • "For In-Person College, Coronavirus Testing Will be Key. But is That Feasible?," Elissa Nadworny,  6-Minute Listen, Morning Edition, NPR, May 22, 2020: In this episode, Nadworny reports that "[t]he CDC released guidance on reopening higher ed institutions this week, and almost daily now, colleges are releasing their own plans for how they intend to open with students on-campus come fall. For many schools, part of the plan includes testing for SARS-CoV-2." 
  • "How Contact Tracing Works and How it Can Reopen the Country," Selena Simmons-Duffin, NPR, April 14, 2020: This article serves as a guide to "the basics of the process [contact tracing] and how it could help society restart after the current wave of coronavirus cases."
  • "How Could the CDC Make That Mistake?," Alexis C. Madrigal and Robinson Meyer, The Atlantic,  May 21, 2020: In this article, the authors report on how "[t]he government’s disease-fighting agency is conflating viral and antibody tests, compromising a few crucial metrics that governors depend on to reopen their economies [and how] Pennsylvania, Georgia, Texas, and other states are doing the same."
  • "Reducing Transmission of SARS-CoV-2," Kimberly A. Prather, Chia C. Wang, Robert T. Schooley,  Science, May 27, 2020: In this article, the authors provide research supporting the theory that "masks and testing are necessary to combat asymptomatic spread in aerosols and droplets." 
  • "UA Researcher Identifies 4 Compounds That Can Halt the Coronavirus in Cells," Jasmine Demers,, May 28, 2020: In this article, Demers writes, "As the spread of COVID-19 affects people around the world, scientists have been working overtime to develop potential treatments. Among them is a University of Arizona researcher [Jun Wang, Ph.D., an assistant professor of pharmacology and toxicology] who recently identified four compounds that can block the replication of the virus within a cell, providing a promising starting point for the development of drugs that can treat the disease."
  • "UArizona Launches Texting System to Gather and Provide COVID-19 Information," David Mogollon, UANews, April 20, 2020: In this article, Mogollon reports that "AZCOVIDTXT will allow people to report the health and wellness condition in their household on a weekly basis by participating in brief surveys on their mobile phones." Mogollon goes on to report on the capability and purpose of this new data collection tool and how to join.
  • "UArizona Testing App to Alert Students, Employees Exposed to COVID-19," University Communications, UA News, June 18, 2020: "As part of its plan to bring students and employees back to campus in the fall, the University of Arizona is preparing to offer the opt-in Covid Watch smartphone app, so that campus community members can notify each other anonymously if they may have been exposed to COVID-19. Arizona is the first state to start testing of the app, which began this week." 
  • "University of Arizona Expands Coronavirus Antibody Testing Throughout the State," Mamta  Popta, Arizona Daily Star, June 9, 2020: In this article, Popta reports, "The University of Arizona is expanding COVID-19 antibody testing eligibility across the state and opening a new site in Nogales." Popta goes on to report that "[a]ll hospital employees along with health-care professionals licensed in naturopathy, homeopathy, podiatry, chiropractic examiners, optometry and other health-care categories are now eligible, as are corrections officers and child safety workers employed by the state."
  • "Which U.S. States Meet WHO Recommended Testing Criteria?," John Hopkins University and Medicine: This post reports that despite advise from the World Health Organization (WHO) to governments "that before reopening, rates of positivity in testing (ie, out of all tests conducted, how many came back positive for COVID-19) of should remain at 5% or lower for at least 14 days" that many states opened without meeting those expectations. Using data provided by the The COVID Tracking Project, this page is regularly updated.

Working from Home

  • "6 Tips for Working for Concentrating and Communicating While Working from Home," Convene editors, PCMA: "No morning commute, no stopping by your colleague’s desk to say hello, no lunch at your favorite restaurant around the corner from your office — the daily routine is feeling much different for many workers as the world works to contain COVID-19. If working from home is creating challenges for you, the Convene team is here to help. We have always worked from our home offices, kitchens, couches, favorite cafés (not possible right now, sadly), and a range of other locations with a Wi-Fi signal. Consider these tips to stay productive, healthy, and sane as you adjust to your new normal." 
  • Insight: Assessing the True Value of the Evolving Remote Lawyer,” Olga V. Mack, Bloomberg Law, July 29, 2020: In this article, Mack writes, "Law firm work-at-home flexibilities during the pandemic have shown that we don’t need to chain lawyers to their desks and make them sweat under soul-draining fluorescent office lights to gain value. Olga V. Mack, CEO of Parley Pro, says law firms should continue to give attorneys upgraded technology to reduce time spent on droll, time-consuming tasks like document review and contract management activities that burn through hours without delivering much value."
  • "Massive Work-from-Home COVID-19 Test was a Great Success and Will be the New Norm," Jack Kelly, Forbes, May 11, 2020: In this article, Kelly reports that "the adoption of working from home has proven to be successful. The ascension of Zoom online videos, Slack, Google Hangouts and other technologies connecting people working from home with their colleagues and bosses has appeared to work out relatively smoothly." 
  • "Never Go Back to the Office," Juliette Kayyem, The Atlantic, May 19, 2020: In this article, Kayyem  reports, "At least half of the American labor force is working from home, and the question now confronting bosses isn’t when their employees can come back to the office but whether they should do so at all. More than two months into the quarantine, coronavirus testing, contact tracing, and treatment protocols are still works in progress in the United States, and a vaccine is still some time away."
  • "What if You Don't Want to Go Back to the Office," Maria Cramer and Mihir Zaveri, The New York Times, May 5. 2020: In this article, the authors report on the benefits of working-from-home that employees have discovered and the desire for some Americans to continue to so as the country begins to re-open.
  • "What if Working from Home Goes On...Forever?," Clive Thompson, The New York Times Magazine, June 9, 2020: In this article, Thompson discusses the future of the workplace and how working from home has changed the way people work. Thompson writes, "The coronavirus crisis is forcing white-collar America to reconsider nearly every aspect of office life. Some practices now seem to be wastes of time, happily discarded; others seem to be unexpectedly crucial, and impossible to replicate online. For workers wondering right now if they’re ever going back to the office, the most honest answer is this: Even if they do, the office might never be the same."
  • "Working Remotely During COVID-19: Your Mental Health and Well-Being," Center for Workplace Mental Health, American Psychiatric Association Foundation: "Now more than ever, we all must take care of our mental health and well-being. As we protect ourselves against potential exposure to the coronavirus, keep in mind that social distancing does not mean social isolation. This resource provides practical tips on taking care of our mental health and well-being."

Note: See also the Employment tab and the Law Library/Wellness section for additional resources.