Skip to main content
Banner Image

COVID-19 & Law Coalition Information Hub

Arizona COVID-19 & Law Coalition is a clearinghouse on law expertise related to the virus.

What We Do

What We Do

Arizona COVID-19 & Law Coalition (COVID-19 & Law) is a clearinghouse on law expertise related to the virus that causes COVID-19. COVID-19 implicates a broad swath of legal issues: business, finance, insurance, health, family, administration, international, criminal procedure, environmental, tribal, property, privacy, economics, intellectual property, tort law, contracts, immigration, constitutional, state and local government, and more.

The COVID-19 & Law will:

  1. Provide an information hub on College activities related to sharing law expertise relevant to COVID-19 and related crises.
  2. Provide an information hub on UArizona, state, and National activities related to sharing law expertise COVID-19 and related crises.
  3. Partner with other disciplines to answer questions about responses to the COVID-19 and related crises, where law may be a barrier, and might be overcome (e.g. data tracing and Fourth Amendment, international law, human rights, privacy implications). 
  4. Provide white papers, brief videos and presentations, and Zoom meetings and discussions explaining legal implications aimed at a level of explanation appropriate to highly motivated non-law insiders. 
  5. Serve on interdisciplinary panels at UArizona and state-wide where law and policy intersects with these endeavors.
  6. Work to seek funding for such endeavors. 
  7. Involve alumni and other professionals to assist with above.
  8. Involve law students to assist with above, as their skills allow.
  9. Involve law librarians for legal and interdisciplinary research support and consultations, including training and supervising student research assistants, to assist with above.

Note: The COVID-19 & Law Coalition does NOT provide legal advice or representation.

Coalition Members and Working Groups

Coalition Members

Members Focus Area(s)
Andrew Coan and Toni Massaro (Co-Chairs) Constitutional Law
Barbara Atwood  Family Law, Courts, Indian Law
Derek Bambauer Intellectual Property, Constitutional Law
Jane Bambauer Privacy, Criminal Procedure, Data Management, Regulation, Constitutional Law
Leila Barraza Public Health Law
Paul Bennett  Family Law, Juvenile Law, Professional Responsibility, Poverty and Families
Stacy Butler Innovation, Access to Justice
Robert Hershey Global Law, Indigenous Peoples’ Law and Policy, Human Rights
James Hopkins Indigenous Peoples’ Law and Policy, Human Rights, Environmental Law
Teresa Miguel-Stearns (and Law Library team) Library Research and Information Systems
Gavin Milczarek-Desai Intellectual Property, Innovation (Slepian Team)
Shefali Milczarek-Desai Immigration Law and Policy, Workers’ Rights
Cathy O’Grady Constitutional Law, Ethics, Procedure
Barak Orbach Business Law, Antitrust
Chris Robertson Health Law, Torts
Lauren Robbins International Trade, Safety and Equipment Supply Chain
Jonathan Rothschild Local Government Law
Susie Salmon Judiciary and Justice Responses to Crisis
Simone Sepe Business, Finance, Economics, Philosophy  
Andrew Silverman Immigration, Criminal Procedure, Access to Justice
Tara Sklar  Health Law
Dr. Marvin Slepian Biotech, Medicine, Innovation, Virology 
Rebecca Tsosie Indigenous Peoples Law and Policy, Intergovernmental Aspects of Pandemic Management, Constitutional Law
Michael Wagenheim and IT Team  IT Support for Outreach and Internal Communications  
Joey Zhou International Trade Law

Working Groups

Working Groups Members
Administrators (Co-Chairs) Andrew Coan, Toni Massaro, Teresa Miguel-Stearns
Business Law, Antitrust, Finance & Economics Barak Orbach, Simone Sepe
Constitutional Law Derek Bambauer, Jane Bambauer, Andrew Coan, Toni Massaro, Cathy O'Grady, Christopher Robertson, Tara Sklar, Rebecca Tosie, 
Tessa Dysart
Courts Barbara Atwood, Tessa Dysart, Susie Salmon
Criminal Procedure Jane Bambauer, Andrew Silverman
Environmental Law & Policy James Hopkins, Justin Pidot
Ethics & Professional Responsibility Paul Bennett, Cathy O’Grady
Family Law  Barbara Atwood, Paul Bennett
Federal Indian Law, Indigenous Peoples Law & Policy Barbara Atwood, James Hopkins, Robert Hershey, Rebecca Tsosie
Health Law, Innovation/Technology Leila Barraza, Chris Robertson, Tara Sklar, Dr. Marvin Slepian, Gavin Milczarek-Desai, Tammi Walker
Human Rights James Hopkins, Robert Hershey, Rebecca Tsosie
Immigration Law & Policy, Workers’ Rights Shefali Milczarek-Desai, Andrew Silverman
Innovation, Access To Justice Stacy Butler, Andrew Silverman
Intellectual Property Derek Bambauer, Gavin Milczarek-Desai
International Trade, Safety & Equipment Supply Chain Lauren Robbins, Joey Zhou
Privacy, Data Management & Regulation Jane Bambauer, Christopher Robertson
Research Support Teresa Miguel-Stearns, Law Library Team
Share New Events and Resources Jessica Ugstad, Jaime Valenzuela
Teams Training Resources Garnette Knoll, Michael Wagenheim, Law It


Coalition Member Projects


COVID-19 & Law Coalition members are working on papers, participating in UArizona, state, and national task forces, contributing to blogs and discussions, and otherwise working to lend their expertise in previously mentioned ways. See tabs to view their contributions.


Jane Bambauer

Professor of Law

  • "Coronavirus Tracing Apps Are Being Tested Around the World, But Will Concerts Get Onboard?," Alexei Barrionuevo, Billboard, May 28, 2020: In this article, Barrionuevo reports on the impact that coronavirus contact tracing apps may have on "restoring confidence to nightclub and festival attendees amid spotty testing, privacy concerns and still-emerging medical information about the virus." This article features Professor Bambauer who says, on the subject of the legality of mandating health-data tracking apps, “The law can certainly permit some kind of surveillance under these types of emergency conditions, especially when we’re in a position like we are now, where the alternatives to very invasive monitoring are equally repugnant and stifling of our rights.”
  • "How to Defend Yourself from COVID-19 Myths and Lies," Daniel Stolte-Arizona, Futurity, May 11, 2020: In this article, Stolte-Arizona interviews UArizona experts about their thoughts on misinformation about COVID-19 including "Jane Bambauer, a professor at the University of Arizona James E. Rogers College of Law, who is studying why the COVID-19 crisis is particularly suited to breeding bad information." 
  • "It's Time to Get Real About COVID Apps," Fighting Covid with Data, May 14, 2020: This article examines the role that apps play in combating COVID-19. "Digital technologies can and should be an integral tool to magnify the benefits of ramped-up testing and manual contact tracing. Moreover, policymakers should start preparing for the rollout of a data-driven COVID response now. As was the case with lockdowns, delays will add to both the health and economic tolls."

Stacy Butler

Professor of Practice


  • The Innovation for Justice Program is a social justice innovation lab that designs, builds and tests disruptive solutions to the justice gap. As one of ten legal innovation labs in the country, we are starting to hear from courts and legal service providers from across the U.S. who want our help. Our legal systems are grappling with the sudden and unexpected fact that they need to operate remotely and online: court forms and processes need to be automated, low-income community members need remote assistance, and creative thinkers and doers are in high demand. So we're forming Team i4J for students, faculty and staff who want to contribute their time and talent now and in the months to come.  

Join the Team i4J workspace here

If you're new to Slack, learn the basics here


  • "Nearly 600 Facing Eviction in Pima County as Hearings Proceed Despite Pandemic," Jake Steinberg, Arizona Public Media, June 2, 2020: Steinberg reports that, despite the impact that  the COVID-19 pandemic is having on Pima County residents, evictions in Pima County will resume. Steinberg discussed the future impact on evicted citizens with Professor Butler who said, “Eviction judgments stay on your credit report for seven years. So even if you’re still staying in your home, they have other lasting financial harms and can make it hard for someone to rent another place in the future.”
  • "Online Dispute Resolution's Role in a Post-Pandemic World," Maddie Hosack, LexBlog, June 10, 2020: In this blog post, Hosack discusses "how State and federal courts have worked overtime to implement video- and tele-conferencing, remote filing, and even remote jury trials in order to ensure due process" in order to operate online. Hosack goes on to highlight Professor Butler's opinions about the importance of user feedback to ODR design.


Andrew Coan 

Professor of Law; Director, William H. Rehnquist Center

on the Constitutional Structures of Government

“COVID-19 in No Man’s Land,” Andy Coan and David Schwartz (University of Wisconsin Law School): This forthcoming paper will explore the implications of the COVID-19 pandemic for how we think about American federalism, in particular the principle that the federal government is one of limited and enumerated powers. 

Tessa L. Dysart 

Assistant Director of Legal Writing

& Associate Clinical Professor of Law


  • "Moot Court in the Age of Coronavirus," Tessa L. Dysart, Appellant Advocacy Blog, March 23, 2020: "In the wake of the COVID-19 outbreak, Arizona Law decided to move [the] 2L/3L intramural moot court competition online." This blog post provides "tips for creating the competition and for running the rounds" on Zoom from the moot court competition.
  • "Guest Post: Zoom Arguments - Zoom Arguments--A View from the Texas Supreme Court," Tessa L. Dysart, Appellant Advocacy BlogApril 13, 2020: "Justice Eva Guzman of the Texas Supreme Court has served on the Texas Supreme Court since 2009.  Her Court recently held Zoom oral arguments." In this blog post, she shares her "thoughts on the Zoom argument experience." 
  • "My Final Thoughts on Moot Court in the Age of Coronavirus," Tessa L. Dysart, Appellant Advocacy Blog, April 27, 2020: Based on the two previous blog posts, "and a few other things I learned along the way," Dysart shares her "final thoughts and tips on virtual moot court competitions, in case we are all doing this again in the fall." 

Toni Massaro Regents Professor, Milton O. Riepe Chair in Constitutional Law, and Dean Emerita;

Justin Pidot Professor of Law, Co-director of the Environmental Law Program;

Marvin Slepian, MD, Regents' Professor of Medicine and Biomedical Engineering


  • "Constitutional Norms for Pandemic Policy," Arizona Legal Studies Discussion Paper No. 20-29: "The COVID-19 pandemic has unleashed a torrent of legal and political commentary, and rightly so: the disease touches every corner of life and implicates all areas of law. In response to the disease, governments, civic institutions, and businesses have struggled to protect public health, respect individual autonomy, and enable Americans to satisfy their elemental instinct to congregate with one another.
    Public perceptions about the disease, and our responses to it, have substantially fallen along predictable ideological lines. For example, the willingness of individuals to social distance may indicate something about their risk tolerance, but also about their political affiliation. Our ability to launch a unified response to COVID-19 has, in other words, been affected by rifts that generally infect American political life.
    How we manage these divides over pandemic response matters, because the costs of disunity are high. Those who fear the risk COVID-19 poses to their lives depend on others to participate in mitigation efforts; those who fear the risk our response to COVID-19 poses to their livelihoods depend on others to willingly reengage in economic life. Common ground, while elusive, is essential to America’s response to this pandemic, and the next one that will surely follow.
    We argue that ingredients for consensus already exist, even if they are obscured by political and policy rancor. Americans share the common goal to safely return to families, jobs, schools, places of assembly, pubs, parks, and the myriad of other settings that make up human lives and we share a fidelity to basic constitutional legal norms that can inform how we safely return.
    This Essay identifies four constitutional principles to shape pandemic policies and enable them to garner broad public acceptance: substantive and procedural rationality, respect of fundamental liberties, equal treatment, and flexibility to enable government to nimbly and effectively address emergencies that threaten life itself. Fidelity to these norms is essential for all institutions, public and private, because reopening safely can occur only through the cooperation of private individuals, and individuals will cooperate only if they have confidence in the ability of institutions to protect safety, liberty, and equality."


  • Constitution Has Answers for Balancing Health and Liberties Amid COVID-19, Experts Say,” Kyle Mittan, UA News, July 29, 2020: In this article, Mittan writes, "As COVID-19 affects every aspect of American life, it has also emerged as a politically polarizing issue, and measures to mitigate the disease's spread have brought about debates on balancing public health and civil liberty. Three University of Arizona experts weighed in on how norms and values defined in the U.S. Constitution could guide pandemic-related law and policy. A working draft of their essay was released on the Social Science Research Network in late June as part of Arizona Legal Studies, a series of working papers by faculty and students in the James E. Rogers College of Law."
  • "Where the Constitution and COVID-19 Intersect," Christopher Conover, Arizona Public Media News, August 3, 2020: In this interview with Professor Massaro, Conover states, "Restrictions to fight the spread of COVID-19 have some people saying government has overstepped its bounds. A group of law professors has written an essay that says the highest law in the land defines the issue differently." 

Note: See also the Marvin Slepian, James Coan & Andrew Coan tab for more resources from Marvin Slepian. 

Shefali Milczarek-Desai 

Executive Director, Intellectual Property Clinic



  • Workers' Rights Clinic, James E. Rogers College of Law: "The Workers' Rights Clinic provides students with experience in employment/labor law and workers' rights. We advocate for the rights of low-wage immigrant workers through direct service, public policy research, and community education and outreach." This website provides access to the "AZ Workers' Rights During Coronavirus" ​fact-sheet (en español) and other resources.



  • "Lawmakers Request Investigation Into Pima County's New Restaurant Regulations," Shaley  Sanders, KOLD News 13, May 15, 2020: In this article, Sanders reports that "[l]awmakers  submitted a request to Arizona Attorney General Mark Brnovich, asking for an investigation of new restaurant regulations passed by the Pima County Board of Supervisors." Sanders goes interview "Shefali Milczarek-Desai, an assistant clinical professor at the University of Arizona’s James E. Rogers College of Law" on the validity of these regulations under guidelines issued by Governor Ducey.

  • "UA Law Prof: The Other Front Line: Immigrant Workers, Nursing Homes and COVID-19," Shefali Milczarek-Desai,, May 24, 2020: In this article, Milczarek-Desai writes about the challenges that immigrants working in nursing homes face during the COVID-19 epidemic. Milczarek-Desai writes that they are "situated at one of the deadliest intersections of America’s coronavirus pandemic: low-wage immigrant workers and elder care" and how they are under threat from both the risks of the virus and fears of being reported to ICE, potentially resulting in deportation or unemployment. 

  • What You Need to Know About Workplace COVID-19 Testing,” David Wichner,, August 1, 2020: In this article, Wichner writes, “Employers across Tucson and the nation have set up new cleaning protocols, rejiggered work schedules and revamped workplace layouts for social distancing, to get back to business safely amid the COVID-19 pandemic.”

Barak Y. Orbach

Professor of Law

  • "Antitrust in the Shadow of Covid-19 (and Other Disruptions)," Barak Y. Orbach,, April 30, 2020: "Large-scale market disruptions are recurring costly phenomena whose costs can be considerably mitigated through investments in preparedness and response measures. In the wake of the Covid-19 pandemic, this paper discusses common characteristics and levers of large-scale disruptions that courts and competition agencies should consider when interpreting the antitrust laws in normal times and periods of disruption. Antitrust enforcement is neither the cause of nor the solution to costly disruptions; rather, it is a policy instrument whose existence and effectiveness affect the costs of preparedness and response measures. Reasonably adequate antitrust enforcement standards are likely to drive down prices of products and services needed for such measures. The Covid-19 pandemic sheds light on these potential benefits of antitrust enforcement, as well as on the pervasive unwillingness to invest in sound public policies."
  • "On the COVID-19 Vaccine Corporate Pledge," Barak Y. Orbach, Harvard Law School Forum on Corporate Governance, September 20, 2020: "The COVID-19 pandemic created a race for the development of vaccines. On September 8, 2020, CEOs of nine major pharmaceutical companies signed a pledge promising not to file for regulatory approval or authorization of their experimental COVID-19 vaccines until their safety and efficacy are demonstrated through established scientific standards. Fearing that political pressures would compromise regulatory processes, the CEOs agreed to curb competition among their companies."

Christopher Robertson 

Professor of Law; Associate Dean for Research & Innovation

& Tara Sklar

Professor of Health Law and Director, Health Law & Policy Program


  • COVID-19: Health Law Resources, James E. Rogers College of Law: "Health law and policy questions are at the forefront of the coronavirus pandemic." The COVID-19 Health Law Resources webpage "will continue to focus on these issues and welcome your ideas, comments, and questions." This website includes the COVID-19 Video Series and provides additional resources.

Note: See also the Tara Sklar tab for more resources from Professor Sklar.

Susie Salmon

Director of Legal Writing and Clinical Professor of Law

Practice in Place: Law and Justice Go ViralUArizona Law Legal Writing, Anchor.FM: "A podcast that asks the question: how does a profession governed by precedent respond to the unprecedented? Practice in Place investigates how the practice of law and the administration of justice have adapted under the abrupt constraints of the COVID-19 era, how that has affected how and whether we achieve justice, and how those changes and that experience might or should change the practice, the profession, and its procedures forever. Produced by University of Arizona, James E. Rogers College of Law and hosted by Professor Susie Salmon and the Legal Writing Program."

Tara Sklar

Professor of Health Law and Director, Health Law & Policy Program


  • "Law and Telemedicine in the Time of COVID-19," Tara Sklar, Arizona Telemedicine Program, May 7, 2020: In this article, Professor Sklar discusses how the "long-awaited promise of telemedicine may finally be realized as a response to Covid-19." Professor Sklar goes on to discuss "three major legal barriers in federal and state laws that were inhibiting telemedicine utilization" identified by her and Professor Christopher Robertson in the Fall of 2019.
  • "Slowing the Spread, Businesses Reopen, Pandemic's Economic Impact," Kassandra Lau, Arizona 360, Arizona Public Media, May 15, 2020: In this episode, Lau interviews UArizona experts on "what businesses and employers are liable for when it comes to preventing an outbreak." Lau goes on to discuss the legal basis for precautions being adopted by companies and institutions, such as the requirement of face masks and temperature checks, with Tara Sklar, an expert in health law and policy with the University of Arizona James E. Rogers College of Law. 
  • "States are Making it Harder to Sue Nursing Homes Over COVID-19 : Why Immunity from Lawsuits is a Problem," Tara Sklar, The Conversation, June 9, 2020: In this article Professor Sklar discusses how "states are protecting nursing homes from aggrieved residents and their loved ones who may have suffered harm, injuries or death due to their actions – or inactions – during COVID-19." Professor Sklar goes on to explains why law professors "view the industry’s demands for additional protections against lawsuits as a dangerous overreach at a time when high numbers of health violations show nursing homes need more oversight, not less."

Note: See also the Christopher Robertson & Tara Sklar tab for more resources from Professor Sklar.

Marvin Slepian, MD, Regents' Professor of Medicine and Biomedical Engineering;

James Coan, Chief Strategy Officer at Remedy; 

Andrew Coan, Professor of Law; Director, William H. Rehnquist Center on the Constitutional Structures of Government

  • "Generous — and Inclusive — Sick Leave is a Must for Any Business That Wants to Reopen Safely," Business Insider, June 23, 2020: In this article, the authors write, "As states across the country reopen for business, employers of all sizes have scrambled to develop prework screening protocols to identify and exclude infected employees from the workplace. The CDC has endorsed this strategy in its first formal guidelines for reopening employers. There is one major problem: Screening works only if employees report their symptoms and exposure history honestly.” The authors go on to write about how “the logical solution is more generous and flexible sick leave.”

Note: See also the Toni Massaro, Justin Pidot & Marvin Slepian tab for more resources from Marvin Slepian. See also the Andrew Coan tab for more resources from Professor Coan.

Additional College of Law Resources

Additional College of Law Resources

  • Coronavirus Pandemic Has Arizona Law School Grads, Lawyers Rethinking the Bar Exam,” Ben Giles, KJZZ July 27, 2020: In this segment, Giles reports, "More than 400 people are registered to sit for the bar exam on Tuesday amid the coronavirus pandemic. The Arizona Supreme Court, which is responsible for administering the test, rented additional space at the Phoenix Convention Center. A spokesman for the court said there’s plenty of room for social distancing to ensure the safety of aspiring lawyers. Another 170 bar applicants took an alternative option, offered for the first time in Arizona. They’ll take the bar exam remotely in October."
  • Coronavirus Response Information, James E. Rogers College of Law, University of Arizona: The web page provides updates on the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) in relation to the UArizona Law community.
  • "Due to COVID-19, Fewer International Students Could Hit Law Schools - Hard," Karen Sloan,, April 15,2020: In this article, Sloan addresses these questions: "[d]ue to the coronavirus pandemic, will foreign lawyers enroll in LL.M. programs offered online if in-person classes don't resume in the fall? Will they be able to obtain student visas if campuses reopen? Law schools are weighing their options."
  • "Internet Speech Will Never Go Back to Normal," Jack Goldsmith and Andrew Keane Woods, The Atlantic, April, 25, 2020: Goldsmith and Woods write that, "Covid-19 has emboldened American tech platforms to emerge from their defensive crouch. Before the pandemic, they were targets of public outrage over life under their dominion. Today, the platforms are proudly collaborating with one another, and following government guidance, to censor harmful information related to the coronavirus." Using historical references and modern day examples, they go on to explain the threats to privacy, civil rights, and freedom of speech that these measures present to citizens.
  • LawCats Live Webinar Series, "University of Arizona Law presents LawCats Live, a new webinar series exploring hot topics from faculty research, scholarship and expertise. Join weekly no matter where you are."
  • "Law Schools Hit by Financial Fallout from COVID-19," Karen Sloan,, April 23, 2020: In this article, Sloan addresses these questions: "The University of California system, the University of Arizona, Harvard University and the University of Michigan are projecting massive budget shortfalls, and law schools are feeling the impact."
  • "New Safe Return Plan Guide," New Safe Return Committee, James E. Rogers College of Law: "The New Safe Return Plan builds upon and is consistent with all recommendations of the University of Arizona Campus Re-entry Plan Working Group, including directives and guidance from the Test, Trace and Treat Team, the Implementation Team, and Return to the University Workplace Team. The Plan consists of a pyramid of layered mitigation measures, designed to leverage Arizona Law’s relatively insular environment and to work as an integrated whole."
  • University of Arizona Law Experts Weigh in on COVID-19 News, James E. Rogers College of Law: This web page provides a compilation of media coverage where University of Arizona Law faculty have participated in conversations in relation to the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • "Why You Shouldn't Trust Memes About Coronavirus," Daniel Stolte, UA News, April, 29, 2020: In this article, Stolte discusses, with UArizona experts, "speculative and deceptive information about [the new coronavirus] origins, how it infects people and what can be done to protect against it." Experts interviewed includes Professor Jane Baumbaer, James E. Rogers College of Law, Assistant Professor Diana Daly, School of Information in the College of Social and Behavioral Sciences, and Associate Professor Jeannine Relly, School of Journalism.