“Fake news websites (also referred to as hoax news) deliberately publish hoaxes, propaganda, and disinformation — using social media to drive web traffic and amplify their effect" Wikipedia. Fake news websites are not merely news organizations that are biased in their reporting, nor are they tabloid news or satirical news.
Check out these resources for more information:
Fake News Websites
Wikipedia entry on fake news sites with information on their history, impact in other countries, and a links to lists of fake news websites.
A Brief History of Fake News
Scholar William Poundstone offers a quick look at fake news websites before and after the internet.
A Brief History of How Fake News Spreads so Easily on Facebook
From Mother Jones, a timeline of the key moments leading to the spreading of fake news on Facebook.
How Teens In The Balkans Are Duping Trump Supporters With Fake News
A look at where fake news comes from and which types of headlines sell.
While a news source may be found in a reliable database, it is still important to critically evaluate the information.Peer-review and other forms of checks and balances make it more difficult for false information to get through, but these are not perfect systems.