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The University of Arizona

How to Conduct a Systematic Review

Step 3-Conducting a Systematic Review

3. Connect your KEYWORD

A. Use AND to connect independent words 

B. Use OR to connect related words

C. Use NOT to eliminate irrelevant words 

D. Type out all your KEYWORDS with connectors

E. If you have more than one KEYWORD in a row, wrap parenthese around the entire row. This is called nesting and keeps related concepts together.

Sample of research question: How does sleep deprivation affect learning in college students? 

Example: "sleep deprivation" OR "REM deprivation" AND "college students" OR "university students"

. Check your search phrase for redundancies